The Conspiracy against the Human Race: A Contrivance of Horror (English Edition)

The Conspiracy against the Human Race: A Contrivance of Horror (English Edition)[PDF / Epub] ★ The Conspiracy against the Human Race: A Contrivance of Horror (English Edition) By Thomas Ligotti – The Nightmare of BeingPsychogenesisFor ages they had been without lives of their own The whole of their being was open to the world and nothing divided them from the rest of creation How long they had The against the Human Race: PDF or Nightmare of BeingPsychogenesisFor against the Kindle × ages they had been without lives of their own The whole of their being was open to the world and nothing divided them from the rest of creation How long they had thus flourished none of them knew Then something began to change It happened over unremembered generations The signs of a revision without forewarning were being writ everdeeply into them As their species The Conspiracy MOBI :¿ moved forward they began crossing boundaries Conspiracy against the Human Race: MOBI :¿ whose very existence they never imagined After nightfall they looked up at a sky filled with stars and felt themselves small and fragile in the vastness Soon they began to see everything in a way they never had in older times When they found one of their own lying still and stiff they now stood around the body as if there were something Conspiracy against the Epub Ü they should do that they had never done before It was then they began to take bodies that were still and stiff to distant places so they could not find their way back to them But even after they had done this some within their group did see those bodies again often standing silent in the moonlight or loitering sad faced just beyond the glow of a fire Everything Conspiracy against the Human Race: MOBI :¿ changed once they had lives of their own and knew they had lives of their own It even became impossible for them to believe things had ever been any other way They were masters of their movements now as it seemed and never had there been anything like them The epoch had passed when the whole of their being was open to the world and nothing divided them from the rest of creation Something had happened They did not know what it was but they did know it as that which should not be And something needed to be done if they were to flourish as they once had if the very ground beneath their feet were not to fall out from under them For ages they had been without lives of their own Now that they had such lives there was no turning back The whole of their being was closed to the world and they had been divided from the rest of creation Nothing could be done about that having as they did lives of their own But something would have to be done if they were to live with that which should not be And over time they discovered what could be done what would have to be done so that they could live the lives that were now theirs to live This would not revive among them the way things had once been done in older times it would only be the best they could doAnte MortemFor thousands of years a debate has been going on in the shadowy background of human affairs The issue to be resolved What should we say about being alive Overwhelmingly people have said Being alive is all right More thoughtful persons have added Especially when you consider the alternative disclosing a jocularity as puzzling as it is macabre since the alternative is here implied to be both disagreeable and upon consideration capable of making being alive seemagreeable than it alternatively would as if the alternative were only a possibility that may or may not come to pass like getting the flu rather than a looming inevitability And yet this covertly portentous remark is perfectly well tolerated by anyone who says that being alive is all right These individuals stand on one side of the debate On the other side is an imperceptible minority of disputants Their response to the uestion of what we should say about being alive will be neither positive nor euivocal They may even fulminate about how objectionable it is to be alive or spout off that to be alive is to inhabit a nightmare without hope of awakening to a natural world to have our bodies embedded neck deep in a uagmire of dread to live as shut ins in a house of horrors from which nobody gets out alive and so on Now there are really no incisive answers as to why anyone thinks or feels one way and not another The most we can say is that the first group of people is composed of optimists though they may not think of themselves as such while the contending group that imperceptible minority is composed of pessimists The latter know who they are But which group is in the right the existentially harrowed pessimists or the life embracing optimists will never be resolvedIf the most contemplative individuals are sometimes dubious about the value of existence they do not often publicize their doubts but align themselves with the optimist in the street tacitly declaiming inerudite terms Being alive is all right The butcher the baker and the crushing majority of philosophers all agree on one thing Human life is a good thing and we should keep our species going for as long as we can To tout the rival side of the issue is asking for grief But some people seem born to bellyache that being alive is not all right Should they vent this posture in philosophical or literary works they may do so without anxiety that their efforts will have an excess of admirers Notable among such efforts is The Last Messiahan essay written by the Norwegian philosopher and man of letters Peter Wessel Zapffe In this work which to date has been twice translated into English Zapffe elucidated why he saw human existence as a tragedyBefore discussing Zapffes elucidation of human existence as a tragedy however it may be useful to muse upon a few facts whose relevance will become manifest down the line As some may know there exist readers who treasure philosophical and literary works of a pessimistic nihilistic or defeatist nature as indispensable to their existence hyperbolically speaking Contrary by temperament these persons are sorely aware that nothing indispensable to their existence hyperbolically or literally speaking must make its way into their lives as if by natural birthright They do not think anything indispensable to anyones existence may be claimed as a natural birthright since the birthrights we toss about are all lies fabricated to a purpose as any student of humanity can verify For those who have given thought to this matter the only rights we may exercise are these to seek the survival of our individual bodies to createbodies like our own and to perish from corruption or mortal trauma Of course possession of these rights presumes that one has been brought to term and made it to the age of being reproductively ready neither being a natural birthright Stringently considered then our only natural birthright is a right to die No other right has ever been allocated to anyone except as a fabrication whether in modern times or days past The divine right of kings may now be acknowledged as a fabrication a falsified permit for prideful dementia and impulsive mayhem The inalienable rights of certain people on the other hand seemingly remain current somehow we believe they are not fabrications because hallowed documents declare they are real Miserly or munificent as a given right may appear it denotes nothan the right of way warranted by a traffic light which does not mean you have the right to drive free of vehicular misadventures Ask any paramedic as your dead body is taken away to the nearest hospitalWide AwakeOur want of any natural birthright except to die in most cases without assistance is not a matter of tragedy but only one of truth Coming at last to the pith of Zapffe s thought as it is contained in The Last Messiah what the Norwegian philosopher saw as the tragedy of human existence had its beginnings when at some stage in our evolution we acuired a damning surplus of consciousness Indulgence is begged in advance for the present work s profuse entreaties for assent or at least suspension of disbelief in this matter Naturally it must be owned that there are uarrels among cognitive psychologists philosophers of mind and neuroscientists about what consciousness is The fact that this uestion has been around since at least the time of the ancient Greeks and early Buddhists suggests there is an assumption of consciousness in the human species and that consciousness has had an effect on the way we exist For Zapffe the effect wasA breach in the very unity of life a biological paradox an abomination an absurdity an exaggeration of disastrous nature Life had overshot its target blowing itself apart A species had been armed too heavily by spirit made almighty without but eually a menace to its own well being Its weapon was like a sword without hilt or plate a two edged blade cleaving everything but he who is to wield it must grasp the blade and turn one edge toward himselfDespite his new eyes man was still rooted in matter his soul spun into it and subordinated to its blind laws And yet he could see matter as a stranger compare himself to all phenomena see through and locate his vital processes He comes to nature as an unbidden guest in vain extending his arms to beg conciliation with his maker Nature answers noit performed a miracle with man but later did not know him He has lost his right of residence in the universe has eaten from the Tree of Knowledge and been expelled from Paradise He is mighty in the near world but curses his might as purchased with his harmony of soul his innocence his inner peace in life s embraceCould there be anything to this pessimistic verbiage this tirade against the evolution of consciousness Millennia had passed without much discussion one way or the other on the subject at least in polite society and then suddenly comes this barrage from an obscure Norwegian philosopher What is one to say For contrast here are some excerpts from an online interview with the eminent British multidisciplinary thinker Nicholas Humphrey A Self Worth Having A Talk with Nicolas Humphrey Consciousness phenomenal experience seems in many ways too good to be true The way we experience the world seems unnecessarily beautiful unnecessarily rich and strange Phenomenal experience surely can and does provide the basis for creating a self worth having And just see what becomes possible even natural once this new self is in place As subjects of something so mysterious and strange we humans gain new confidence and interest in our own survival a new interest in other people too We begin to be interested in the future in immortality and in all sorts of issues to do withhow far consciousness extends around us T heI try to make sense of it theI come back to the fact that we ve evolved to regard consciousness as a wonderfully good thing in its own right which could just be because consciousness is a wonderfully good thing in its own right Could there be anything to this optimistic verbiage in which consciousness is not a breach in the very unity of life a biological paradox an abomination an absurdity an exaggeration of disastrous nature but something that is unnecessarily beautiful unnecessarily rich and strange and a wonderfully good thing in its own right something that makes human existence an unbelievably desirable adventure Think about it a British thinker thinks so well of the evolution of consciousness that he cannot contain his gratitude for this turn of events What is one to say Both Humphrey and Zapffe are eually passionate about what they have to say which is not to say that they have said anything credible Whether you think consciousness to be a benefit or a horror this is only what you think and nothing else But even though you cannot demonstrate the truth of what you think you can at least put it on show and see what the audience thinksBrainworkOver the centuries assorted theories about the nature and workings of consciousness have been put forth The theory Zapffe implicitly accepted is this Consciousness is connected to the human brain in a way that makes the world appear to us as it appears and makes us appear to ourselves as we appear that is as selves or as persons strung together by memories sensations emotions and so on This view of a materialistic basis of consciousness with an evolutionary origin may be right or wrong No one knows exactly what consciousness is or even if it is all speculation on the matter being debatable to the point of chaos Nevertheless most thinkers in this area agree that consciousness is a fact in some way Accepting consciousness as a given for a sufficiently evolved brain Zapffe moved on from there since he was not interested in the debates surrounding this phenomenon as such but only in the way it uite apparently functions to determine the nature of our species This was enough for his purposes which were wholly existential and careless of seeking the technical verities of consciousness How consciousness happened since it was not always present in our species remains as much a mystery in our time as it was in Zapffe s just as what was going on if anything was going on before the universe came into being remains a mystery The same applies to the origins of living forms however such things may be defined First there was no life and then there was life nature as it came to be called As nature proliferated intocomplex and various shapes human organisms eventually entered the world as part of this process After a time consciousness happened for these organisms along with others at much lower amplitudes And it kept on gaining steam as we evolved On this nearly all theorists of consciousness agree Billions of years after earth made a jump from being lifeless to having life human beings made a jump from not being conscious or very much conscious to being conscious enough to esteem or condemn this phenomenon No one knows either how the jump was made or how long it took although there are theories about both as there are theories about all mutations from one state to anotherThe mutations must be considered blind Zapffe wrote They work are thrown forth without any contact of interest with their environment As mentioned how the mutation of consciousness originated was of no concern to Zapffe who focused entirely on demonstrating the tragic effect of this aptitude Such projects are typical among pessimistic philosophers Non pessimistic philosophers either have an impartial attitude about consciousness or like Nicholas Humphrey think of it as a marvelous endowment When non pessimistic philosophers even notice the pessimist s attitude they reject it With the world on their side in the conviction that being alive is all right non pessimists are not disposed to musing that human existence is a wholesale tragedy They only argue the fine points of whatever it is about human existence that grabs their attention which may include the tragic but not so much that they lose their commitment to the proposition that being alive is all right And they can do this until the day they die which is all right by themLigotti with the wit of a decadent and the elouence of a funeral organ guides us confidently through the grimmer corners of intellectual and cultural historyHe exposits on horrors themes and its canon with practitioners grace The Millions.