With Our Backs to the Wall: Victory and Defeat in 1918

With Our Backs to the Wall: Victory and Defeat in 1918❮Reading❯ ➶ With Our Backs to the Wall: Victory and Defeat in 1918 ➮ Author David Stevenson – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk The author tells the story of the final year of the First World War, and goes to the roots of this dramatic reversal of fortune, analysing the reasons for Allied success and the collapse of Germany an The author tells Backs to MOBI ò the story of the final year of the First World War, and goes to the roots of this dramatic reversal of fortune, analysing the reasons for Allied success and the collapse of Germany and its partners Everything from food supply to finance, from strategy With Our PDF or to technology, logistics and morale is explored. Historians have spilled a great deal of ink discussing the causes of the First World War, but rather less than they should analyzing the conflict s end, which, author David Stephenson observes in this 2011 study, proved muchsudden and decisive than the combatants expected Stevenson did a great deal of research for this book, and spares the reader none of it His densely detailed narrative and reluctance to draw sharp conclusions make it difficult to summarize his findings At the risk of Historians have spilled a great deal of ink discussing the causes of the First World War, but rather less than they should analyzing the conflict s end, which, author David Stephenson observes in this 2011 study, proved muchsudden and decisive than the combatants expected Stevenson did a great deal of research for this book, and spares the reader none of it His densely detailed narrative and reluctance to draw sharp conclusions make it difficult to summarize his findings At the risk of oversimplification, though, I ll give it a try 1 Germany s 1918 offensive very nearly bled its army to death Forced marches, inadequate supplies, and Spanish flu halted all of the Western Front offensives of well short of any strategically important cities, and left the German army in an exposed position when the Allied counterattack came.2 Germany wasn t fully able to capitalize on the Russian surrender at Brest Litovsk because of its need to occupy resource rich Ukraine, and Wilhelm II s desire to keep an army in the Baltic for a counterrevolutionary coup against the Bolsheviks This tied down divisions that might have made a difference in the West.3 The Allied counteroffensive of July October 1918 benefited from superior resources and high morale By 1918 Britain and France had a surplus of horses, cargo trucks, and oil, all of which allowed them quickly to move large numbers of troops through breakthrough points British and French tanks, while too slow to conduct 1940 style overrun attacks, did provide Allied infantry with moving bulletproof shields to walk behind Fresh troops from America dramatically heightened Allied morale, especially since no one had expected them to arrive in large numbers before 1919.4 The Central Powers were all famished by 1918, thanks to transport problems and Allied blockades Food shortages contributed to the collapse of Germany s allies in the summer and fall of 1918 and to the mutinies and riots that brought down the German government Soldiers can t fight on empty stomachs Meanwhile, the Allies made some effort to keep one another supplied with food and fuel.What ended Imperial Germany s bid for European hegemony, then, was not the political stab in the back that Adolf Hitler alleged, but conventional strategic and logistical problems It bit offterritory than its armies could chew in Eastern Europe, its allies were poor and politically fragile, and in the end its military leaders staked everything on a massive end game offensive during a war in which offensives proved murderously difficult The biggest surprise here is that the Allies themselves felt deep anxiety throughout 1918, suffering from their own transportation problems, worried about potential losses in a 1919 campaign, and convinced that Germany remained strong This explains, Stevenson notes, why they were willing to grant an armistice admittedly, a punitive one rather than drive on to Berlin, with the result that political opportunists and rabble rousers had the time to claim that Germany s defeat was not the military s fault I had such high hopes for this book I found it in the library and I was sure I was going to love it I didn t love itI persevered through it It is a VERY comprehensive account of WWI which could have been so muchinteresting In some parts it felt like a dry, outdated high school history book Then he surprised me with very fascinating chapters that kept me going It was good to read I suppose, but I only finished it because I felt like it would be good for me Kindof like eating my sp I had such high hopes for this book I found it in the library and I was sure I was going to love it I didn t love itI persevered through it It is a VERY comprehensive account of WWI which could have been so muchinteresting In some parts it felt like a dry, outdated high school history book Then he surprised me with very fascinating chapters that kept me going It was good to read I suppose, but I only finished it because I felt like it would be good for me Kindof like eating my spinach Good look at the last year of WW I, and not just the military operations Stevenson looks at the econmics, social changes, and how events affected the home front which in turn affected the moral of the troops at the front He also doesn t confine himself France Flanders, but looks at all of the theaters of the war.I think it is very well researched, but a little dry Like a lot of books that are exhaustively researched sometimes you can t see the forest for the trees Worth the read though When World War I began, the participants expected glorious victory in a fairly short, decisive time and as a result of a war of maneuver The war ended as an endurance contest between two long suffering, dug in, reeling combatants following almost four years of deadlock and attrition The Allies outlasted the Central Powers because of greater resources, barely better morale better than it should have been until the Ypres campaign , and the arrival of a flood of American troops and materiel Ste When World War I began, the participants expected glorious victory in a fairly short, decisive time and as a result of a war of maneuver The war ended as an endurance contest between two long suffering, dug in, reeling combatants following almost four years of deadlock and attrition The Allies outlasted the Central Powers because of greater resources, barely better morale better than it should have been until the Ypres campaign , and the arrival of a flood of American troops and materiel Stevenson offers a history of the war s last year that focuses on the morale issues, the matters of materiel, the degree of social stress each combatant nation felt, not on military matters primarily Some have complained that the book isn t sufficiently exciting or that it doesn t draw sharper, harder conclusions It seems plenty hard and sharp to me, and the combination of history and analysis is pretty impressive Stevenson makes a complex set of interlocking arguments to describe an incredibly complex war His analysis of the war s impact on women, and their contribution to the war effort is clearly important, as is his analysis of the state of the naval war in 1918 and it s impact on the blockade of the Central Powers There isn t a chapter in the book that isn t worth reading and reflecting about Good historical book with facts and information not normally seen about WWI Unfortunately, the title is misleading making one think you are reading a book that discusses how the Allies militarily fought and won the war in 1918 Instead only about a 3rd of the book is about the actual fighting, while the rest concerns comparison of many facts figures of industry, morale, leadership, etc that affected the war s outcome These are useful for the avid historian, but a bit dry and again not what Good historical book with facts and information not normally seen about WWI Unfortunately, the title is misleading making one think you are reading a book that discusses how the Allies militarily fought and won the war in 1918 Instead only about a 3rd of the book is about the actual fighting, while the rest concerns comparison of many facts figures of industry, morale, leadership, etc that affected the war s outcome These are useful for the avid historian, but a bit dry and again not what one expects from the title and book synopsis As such an avid historian I therefore give this book an ok 3 stars for the useful historical reference data, but lacks a good narrative and interesting personal stories that make for a truly good or great historical novel Didn t care for this book at all.The military analysis of both the German Allied offensives of 1918 was really interesting but there was to little of it The author spent to much time analyzing everything else from inteligence changes to logisitics to the political dynamic that he forgot to actually put some life into his prose tell us why we should have cared which is a shame because the topics s were rife w possibilities but ultimately disappoints Didn t care for this book at all.The military analysis of both the German Allied offensives of 1918 was really interesting but there was to little of it The author spent to much time analyzing everything else from inteligence changes to logisitics to the political dynamic that he forgot to actually put some life into his prose tell us why we should have cared which is a shame because the topics s were rife w possibilities but ultimately disappoints Very comprehensive account of ending of WWI but approach of middle chapters seemed a bit repetitive Needs and does in the end reward perseverance. This book was not what I expected Given the title, I thought the focus throughout would be on the military and political events of 1918 However, only the first 170 pages and the last chapter of 36 pages dealt specifically with those topics The intervening 339 pages discussed much broader topics related, in the author s view, to how each side managed and fought the war, covering such areas as logistics, the mobilization of the home front, using propaganda and censorship to maintain morale and This book was not what I expected Given the title, I thought the focus throughout would be on the military and political events of 1918 However, only the first 170 pages and the last chapter of 36 pages dealt specifically with those topics The intervening 339 pages discussed much broader topics related, in the author s view, to how each side managed and fought the war, covering such areas as logistics, the mobilization of the home front, using propaganda and censorship to maintain morale and pro war sentiment, suppressing dissent, etc Much of this material was interesting but much of it was also dry economics To me, this book is better read and studied by academicians and less so by lay readers who areinterested in the material that was condensed into the first 170 pages This is a very detailed look at the last year of World War One It s not for the casual history reader who wants a quick synopsis The author is extremely knowledgeable and dives into all aspects of the conflict from a civilian and military perspective The reading is dense with analysis throughout. This book has to be one of the most well researched and comprehensive books that I have ever read about the First World War That said, this is not a beginners book The author goes into great detail not only about the offenses of 1918 but also full of just sticks of the combatants, the war at sea, the homefront, and political realities of the nations involved.

With Our Backs to the Wall: Victory and Defeat in 1918
  • Hardcover
  • 688 pages
  • With Our Backs to the Wall: Victory and Defeat in 1918
  • David Stevenson
  • English
  • 10 November 2018
  • 0713998407