[PDF / Epub] ☄ The Athlit Ram (Nautical Archaeology Series) Author Lionel Casson – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk In November 1980 the eastern shallows of the Mediterranean near the village of Athlit Israel yielded a remarkable artifact of ancient military history the bronze ram and connecting bow timbers of an o In November the eastern shallows of the Mediterranean near the village of Athlit Israel yielded a remarkable artifact of ancient military history the bronze ram and connecting bow timbers of an oared warship It was the first ram ever discovered and thus provided the first evidence for the warships hitherto known only through literary and iconographic referencesRecent archaeological studies have provided much information on merchant ships of antiuity but the discovery of The Athlit eBook ´ the Athlit ram now provides detailed evidence for the very different construction of warships Experts on ancient naval construction and tactics bronze casting methods and metallurgy and classical symbols useful in determining the date and provenience of the ram have thoroughly studied every aspect of the ram and its timbers Their research and conclusions are reported here in fullConclusions indicate that ancient shipwrights and armaments experts came up with an effective if expensive design for the ship's hull and ram The strong hull of the ship was the actual weapon used against other ships; the half ton bronze ram served as the warhead A heavy ramming timber and side timbers gave the ship the necessary momentum for ramming The blunt end of the three finned ram would splinter and split an adversary's hull timbers and seams without bending breaking off or becoming stuck in the other hullFully illustrated with detailed drawings photographs and radiographic images for a uniue view of the ram this volume is an invaluable record for anyone interested in classical art or military history and for those who specialize in the technology of ancient maritime construction and modern methods of investigationContentsThe discovery Elisha Linder The ram and bow timbers a structural interpretation J Richard Steffy Metallurgical analysis of the ram Shlomo Eisenberg The provenience and date the evidence of the symbols William M Murray The evolution in shape of the ancient ram Lionel Casson and Elisha Linder Classification of the Athlit ship a preliminary report William M Murray The ram and naval tactics Lionel Casson Appendix radiographic examination of the Athlit ram Beny Breitman et al.
- 91 pages
- The Athlit Ram (Nautical Archaeology Series)
- Lionel Casson
- 08 May 2014 Lionel Casson