The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life

The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life The Monarchical Presidential Regimes That Prevailed In The Arab World For So Long Looked As Though They Would Last Indefinitely Until Events In Tunisia And Egypt Made Clear Their Time Was Up The Rise And Fall Of Arab Presidents For Life Exposes For The First Time The Origins And Dynamics Of A Governmental System That Largely Defined The Arab Middle East In The Twentieth Century.Presidents Who Rule For Life Have Been A Feature Of The Arab World Since Independence In The 1980s Their Regimes Increasingly Resembled Monarchies As Presidents Took Up Residence In Palaces And Made Every Effort To Ensure Their Sons Would Succeed Them Roger Owen Explores The Main Features Of The Prototypical Arab Monarchical Regime Its Household Its Inner Circle Of Corrupt Cronies And Its Attempts To Create A Popular Legitimacy Based On Economic Success, A Manipulated Constitution, Managed Elections, And Information Suppression.Why Has The Arab World Suffered Such A Concentration Of Permanent Presidential Government Though Post Soviet Central Asia Has Also Known Monarchical Presidencies, Owen Argues That A Significant Reason Is The Arab Demonstration Effect, Whereby Close Ties Across The Arab World Have Enabled Ruling Families To Share Management Strategies And Assistance But This Effect Also Explains Why These Presidencies All Came Under The Same Pressure To Reform Or Go Owen Discusses The Huge Popular Opposition The Presidential Systems Engendered During The Arab Spring, And The Political Change That Ensued, While Also Delineating The Challenges The Arab Revolutions Face Across The Middle East And North Africa. . I have seen this book accidentally in the library of the Institute Du Monde Arabe in Paris and couldn t resist As someone who has lived a large part of my life in Syria, one of the Arab states that had a president for life and the only one where he managed a successful transfer of power to his son and a start of a family dynasty, this was something to read.Roger Owen is without doubt very knowledgeable and perceptive, he knows the Middle East well and, while not including a great amount of details on each of the countries, manages to find the similarities and differences among the dear leaders, brothers, comrades, and presidents who managed to impose their shadow on the Arab peoples for a very long period.He starts by talking about the influence of the post colonial period on the establishment of the first wave of presidents who came to think of themselves as omniscient and all powerful and decided to become the leaders and symbols of their countries Naser and Bourgeba are the two examples.Then, he moves describing the basic components of such regimes and why did they come to exist in such concentration in the Arab world From there, he creates three plus one categories of the countries The first is the model of centralized state systems such as those of Egypt, S
Owen s accessible work focuses on the republic regimes of the Middle East, examining their paradoxical durability as well as particular vulnerability after the Arab Spring The book asks the broad question How did these presidents stay in power for so long despite the stagnant economy and an unhappy populace Why did some of the others that had experienced conflicts in the past manage to stay intact Algeria, Lebanon, Iraq etc To a lesser extent, Owen explores the reasons for the collapse for some of them after 2011 To answer the question on the regime s durability, Owen takes a structural analysis on the different types of republics and leadership that each country had, as well as demographics, natural resources, the military and security apparatus, the existence of lack of particular social clsses, and other features to propose an explanation for each type of republic and their survival up until Arab Spring.Since much of the book was completed before Arab Spring happened, of the material is focused on explaining the strengths of of these gumlukiyyas monarchal republics However, the book gives the impression that the Arab autocrats come from a similar strongmen mold, whereas there are considerable regional differences and power structures that ha
On the very eve of the Arab Spring, Roger Owens offers this overview of the so called monarchical republican presidents once prevalent in Arab countries and hopes to answer the simple query of how this sorry state of affairs came about.A primer in modern Arab history, from independance to the conflagration of 2011, this book succeeds at explaining the various political mechanisms and personal dynamics at work from Morroco to Oman with Saudi Arabia, Kuweit and Qatar somehow left out but with the PLO included.T
The author deconstructs in this book the reasons why the arab republican monarchical systems were able to last this long creating a series of arab presidents for life in the region post colonialism, centralized policies, a dependent bureaucracy, crony capitalists and ofocurse a strong security system were all f
The best single study on all the Arab Republics rather than the monarchies which takes you right up to when the book was published in 2012 An impressively readable and coherent work of comparative history that brings together the similarities of these regimes without g
The book contains a large volume of information, but is quite easy to follow Recommended for beginners who want to learn about the history of the dynamics of power in the region. nothing new

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  • Hardcover
  • 248 pages
  • The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life
  • Roger Owen
  • English
  • 20 February 2019
  • 9780674065833