Записки сумасшедшего

Записки сумасшедшего❴Epub❵ ➚ Записки сумасшедшего Author Nikolai Gogol – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk وجه مشخصه‌ی داستان‌های گوگول سادگی قصه‌نویسی، ویژگی قومی، امانت محض نسبت به زندگی، و بکر بودن و سرزندگی خند وجه مشخصه‌ی داستان‌های گوگول سادگی قصه‌نویسی، ویژگی قومی، امانت محض نسبت به زندگی، و بکر بودن و سرزندگی خنده‌آور آن‌هاست که همیشه تحت‌تأثیر احساس عمیق غم و دلتنگی قرار می‌گیرد همه‌ی این ویژگی‌ها یک منبع دارند: گوگول شاعر است، شاعر زندگی حقیقیاولین تأثیری که هر یک از قصه‌های گوگول بر خواننده می‌گذارد این است که با خود بگوید: «چقدر همه‌ی این‌ها ساده، عادی، طبیعی، و حقیقی است، و درعین‌حال چقدر بکر و تازه» این سادگی قصه‌نویسی، این صراحت لهجه، این پرهیز از نمایش‌پردازی، این پیش‌پاافتادگی و معمولی بودن اتفاقات قصه‌ها، علائم حقیقی و قطعی خلاقیت هستند: این شعری حقیقی است، شعر زندگی خود ماستتقریباً همه‌ی قصه‌های گوگول کمدی‌های سرگرم‌کننده‌ای هستند که با هیچ‌وپوچ شروع می‌شوند، با هیچ‌وپوچ ادامه می‌یابند، و به اشک ختم می‌شوند، و در پایان، زندگی نام می‌گیرند قصه‌هایش همگی همین‌طورند: اولش سرگرم‌کننده، سپس غم! زندگی خود ما هم چنین است: اولش سرگرم کننده، و بعد غم چقدر شعر، چقدر فلسفه، و چقدر حقیقت در این‌جا نهفته است!.
If you are a reader of taste and discernment, a reader who values their time, you could do worse than pick up this little volume of tales by Nikolai Gogol. How many books of a merely 231 pages can offer you four masterpieces (three short stories, one novella) and one delightful, expertly crafted short story that might convince you it was a masterpiece too if you had discovered it almost anywhere except in this august company?

From the first, Gogol was an outsider. Ukrainian-born but descended from Cossacks; a gentleman but of the lesser gentry; fiercely ambitious, but moody and solitary, his schoolmates called him “our mysterious dwarf.” His early work was a series of Ukrainian stories, but his mother had to help him research the details, for he had only a little knowledge of his own history. His later tales are set in St. Petersburg, the governmental capital of Russia, from whose closely regulated social hierarchy he felt alienated, and which he held in great contempt. Still an outsider, he was a Ukrainian in a Russian world. Fortunately, though, St. Petersburg recognized great work when they saw it: Pushkin admired him, his play The Government Inspector was a success, and Gogol was welcomed into the literary world.

The tale of Gogol’s life grows darker from then on, but all the works in this small volume are taken from this early period. Taras Bulba is a romantic epic in miniature, an account of the Cossack people at war with the Poles, filled with savagery and heroism. The other masterpieces here are all taken from his “St. Petersburg Tales,” ironic depictions of petty men obsessed with their position in a bureaucratic hierarchy: in the ghostly tale “The Overcoat”—perhaps the greatest of the works here—a bureaucrat seeks (and loses) a new coat to uphold his declining status; in the surrealistic work “The Nose,” a bureaucrat’s own nose abandons him, and goes off to seek social status on its own; and in wildly funny and pathetic “The Diary of a Madman,” a bureaucratic clerk obsessively in love with his employer’s daughter disintegrates into increasingly delusions. (The other tale, the comically anti-climactic “The Carriage,” though it is set in a little town where the cavalry is stationed and features a local landowner and former cavalryman, is filled with same concerns for social status as “The St. Petersburg Tales.”)

The translation here is a good one, and flows easily. I didn’t find the afterward by Priscilla Meyer all that helpful. But at least it is mercifully brief. This book forever changed my view of little dogs. When you look back to the Golden Era of Russian Literature, Nikolai Gogol is like the odd man out. You have the romanticism of Pushkin, the philosophical depth found in Dostoyevsky, complex examinations of Russian society in Tolstoy, the realist style of Turgenev and then you have the satirical and farcical works of Gogol. It’s funny because Gogol’s stories fit ever so comfortably amongst the twentieth century Russian literature, where satirical stories were rampant due to Soviet censors.

It’s ever so comfortable because you don’t need to consciously place your mind in nineteenth century Russia to read Gogol. Somehow he places it for you, without any extended visual sequences needed. You are just there, in amongst the surrealism, the farce, the political satire, the absurdism, the quirkiness, the sadness, the self-awareness. Gogol effortlessly transports you on a literary odyssey like no other literature from that era. It’s all these qualities that keeps Gogol’s stories so fresh, timeless and hilarious. It’s understandable that without Gogol we would have no Dostoyevsky, Kafka, Bulgakov, Platonov and so many other different writers. Soviet writers of the early twentieth century, especially during Stalin’s regime, can only thank Gogol for writing socially and politically charged satires and managing to get away with them. Let’s not forget that there were strict censors even during the nineteenth century, especially during Gogol’s lifetime.

“I confess I felt deeply troubled when I considered how unusually delicate and insubstantial the moon is. The moon, as everyone knows, is usually made in Hamburg, and they make a complete hash of it. I’m surprised that the English don’t do something about it. The moon is manufactured by a lame cooper, and it’s obvious the idiot has no idea what it should be made of. The materials he uses are tarred rope and linseed oil. That’s why there’s such a terrible stink all over the earth, which makes us stop our noses up. And it also explains why the moon is such a delicate sphere, and why people can’t live there — only noses. For this reason we can’t see our own noses any more, as they’re all on the moon.” Gogol, Diary of a Madman


Diary of a Madman, The Nose and The Overcoat are probably his very best short stories, and all stylistically very different from one another. Utilising the diary format, the protagonist, Poprishchin, in Diary of a Madman challenges governmental bureaucracy and upper society in a hilarious and somewhat sad satire of a delusional man simply wanting to be noticed in the world, echoing the world we live in today. Some of literature’s funniest lines can be found in Diary of a Madman. The Nose is a complete farce, an almost proto-Kafkaesque and self-aware journey of a man whose nose has mysteriously fallen off his face, and his travels around St Petersburg to find it. The Overcoat completely changes tone into a gloomy, atmospheric tale of perception and troubled consciences, all revolving around an overcoat. Still, Gogol retains his trademark absurdism and structured prose, in an all-round fantastic collection of his short stories. Gogol is simply one of Russia’s greatest writers.
_The diary of a madman_

**It's a 4,5**

One of the finest short stories i have ever read. I loved it <3 Mental illness is no laughing matter, but Gogol's use of humor is intentional in this well known short story, and it's hard ñot to chuckle at his story about the dog's conversation. For a more serious depiction of someones decent in to mental illness I recommend The Yellow Wallpaper and Other Stories by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The Diary of a Madman

Like the title suggests, it's the diary of a man who steadily succumbs to madness (schizophrenia?). Anyone, of any age, time, status, can find themselves relating to the hero and that's what makes it a bit frightening. A unique combination with its humorous style. The Diary of a Madman and Other Stories is my first foray into the writing of Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol, an early 19th century Russian writer of Ukrainian origin. This collection contains six short stories and a novella. The stories are not all equally robust but a couple are excellent. Dominant themes revolve around men seeking escape from their poverty or hankering after marriage to maidens beyond their reach or a future to which they aspire, and almost always their regretful recourse to other worldly powers. The world Gogol crafted is suffused with the magical as well as the grotesque. The best way to enjoy his stories is to suspend judgment and allow oneself to be immersed in the surreal interactions of man, nature, and supernatural forces.

Below are two stories that stood out for me.

The Diary of a Madman
This story is one of Gogol’s best known works. The protagonist is Mr. Ivanovotch, a disgruntled pen mender who has lost his mind. We hear his thoughts that are initially benign and almost comic surrounding dissatisfaction with his colleagues and infatuation with his director’s daughter. Gogol skillfully showed how Ivanovitch’s mind unravels. He hears dogs speak. He becomes increasingly detached from reality. One day, Ivanovitch makes a startling discovery: ‘The year 2000. April 43rd. Today is a day of splendid triumph. Spain has a king, he has been found and I am he. I discovered it today, all of a sudden it came upon me like a flash of lightning.’ His fragmented mind is reflected in how the calendar is no longer recognizable (e.g., ‘Marchember 86’). Sad tale.

The Mysterious Portrait
This is the story I thought most remarkable in this slim volume. It is a mesmerizing story about the fate that befalls an artist on account of a strange portrait that he acquired from the last twenty kopeks in his purse. Part I describes the portrait’s lifelike, unnerving and piercing eyes on the face of an Asiatic old man in flowing robes. This portrait drastically changes not only the fortune of a penurious artist but also his artistic soul. This tale explores the travails of the artist as he seeks to balance faithfulness to his vocation, the veracity of his talent that hard work and devotion coaxes into refinement against the economic realities of survival and the temptation to sacrifice art to popular opinion and consumerism. Part II picks up the back story to the mysterious portrait and its hidden power. The telling of this tale cannot but cause us to think about the role of art and its incredible power for good and evil. The artist can be a conveyor of all that is beautiful and divine, but he can also become an instrument of harm if he betrays his talent and his heart is not in the right place. The story has an enigmatic ending that leaves a disquieting feel as if those eyes are still searching for their next unsuspecting soul to destroy.

The Diary of a Madman and Other Stories is captivating mostly on account of its strangeness. The novella (Evenings in Little Russia) and two stories (An Evening in May, A Mid-Simmer Evening) are bizarre tales about how thwarted courting couples enlist the help of the supernatural to be together. After a while, I learn that mystic powers can be invested in a red svitka (a coat), that old women are often witches in disguise, and that a lovelorn person should never sell his or her soul to the devil. Read The Diary of a Madman and Other Stories for a taste of Gogol’s fantastical writing. This is the second Gogol that I read and it's so so so much fun to live in his world.

If The Overcoat had the poise and permanence of a man who understands the tribulations of his fellow human being, in this one Gogol sits in the mind of a madman to make us understand the thinking process of the person behind the facade.

The story is the journey of a man from the normal state of search of his place in this world to the extreme of delusion and confusion leading to madness.

The craving to be wanted and respected is in every human being. Even if you are a masochistic self-depriving anorexic freak(!), you still look for the acceptance from others which is indispensable for our survival.

At every point you can see the ladder leading to worsening of the man's mental state and you will feel for him.


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I for one wanted to stop his madness and was looking for the end of his respite.

If he can just understand how the world works.

If he can be a little more happy for himself.

If he will just content himself with the mediocrity that he has been bestowed with.

Damn all the fictitious world that we want to live in. Here is the reality we face everyday of our life.

I may have turned into a pessimistic non-content paranormal idiot to think about the doom of everything, but that's what I think Gogol wanted to covey here and I truly sympathize with him.

There are many facets of this story and while I am writing this I am encountering a new thought, a new perspective in every line I am typing here.

Let's stop here and here is my final thought on this one,

Maybe just maybe, some of us are just meant to go for madness rather than be settled with mediocrity. I mean, that's what is taught to us. That's what the world expects from us. To strive for that madness, the elusive kingdom, the impossible halcyon that we have to keep on looking for.

May be it's just the cycle of life. Each generation will keep on working and improving itself till the time will come when a madmen will rise and then the cycle will repeat itself!! Five fantastic hilarious short stories. The absurdity is sublime. Diary of a madman where a low level public official goes mad. Stalking his bosses daughter and then believing he is the king of Spain even when being beaten in an insane asylum.

The Nose is hilarious. What happens if you wake up without a nose! Then the journey to get it back.

The Overcoat is exquisite with once again the main character a poor clerk who finds his overcoat threadbare and unrepairable. He then painstakingly saves his roubles to buy the coat of his dreams. Then gets it stolen and catches a deadly chill. Careful for what you wish for!

How Ivan Ivanovich quarreled with Ivan Nikiforovich reminds me a bit of Bleak House and the Jarndyce versus Jarndyce lawsuit. Two bosom buddies fall out over a rifle and that worse insult of being called a goose!

Lastly the unfinished story of the nephew and his manipulative aunt is amusing. Well worth reading with the hidden meanings behind the stories still being debated today. It's great to know Nabokov at least appreciated one other Russian writer! And I'm sure he himself would have been proud of writing these stories. Full of dark humor, turmoil, tragedy, and farce, this strange and lively collection contains some of the finest short stories from any Russian writer. Sometimes nodding towards Bulgakov, sometimes towards Kafka, Gogol stands out as one of the greats, and was way ahead of his time. The other stories were good, but The Diary of a Madman was the best. It's quite simply nuts! but also genius in the way it carries a deeper message on isolation and bureaucracy. Great to read again and again!