➽ [Download] ➺ The Ethics Police? By Robert Klitzman ➸ – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk Research on human beings saves countless lives but has at times harmed the participants To what degree then should government regulate science and how The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiment Research on human beings saves countless lives but has at times harmed the participants To what degree then should government regulate science and how The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiments and the egregious Tuskegee syphilis study led the US government in to establish Research Ethics Committees known as Institutional Review Boards IRBs to oversee research on humans The US now has The Ethics PDF \ over IRBs which examine yearly tens of billions of dollars of research all studies on people involving diseases from cancer to autism and behavior Yet ethical violations persistAt the same time critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies Partly science is changing and the current system has not kept up Since the regulations were first conceived years ago research has burgeoned fold Studies often now include not a single university but multiple institutions and separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project One committee might approve a study uickly while others reuire major changes altering the scientific design and making the comparison of data between sites difficultCrucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed and if so how Yet we must first understand the status uo to know how to improve it Unfortunately these committees operate behind closed doors and have received relatively little in depth investigation Robert Klitzman thus interviewed IRB leaders and members about how they make decisions What he heard consistently surprised himThis book reveals what Klitzman learned providing rare glimpses into the conflicts and complexities these individuals face defining science assessing possible future risks and benefits of studies and deciding how much to trust researchers illuminating broadly how we view and interpret ethics in our lives today and perceive and use powerThese committees reflect many of the most vital tensions of our time concerning science and human values individual freedom government control and industry greed Ultimately as patients scientists or subjects the decisions of these men and women affect us all. This was well researched but very dense and I think could have been organized and edited down better Don't bother The fundamental core of this book is an interview project where Dr Klitzman interviewed IRB professionals to capture their perspective on the IRB process I would say that he selected uotations to affirm his positions but he's so scattered in his presentation that there's no consistent theme The book does have an over arching structure but within each of the units there's very little direction It's descriptive than prescriptive There was nothing to the book that wasn't essentially known and obvious at least to me before I opened it It's also too long for amount of information transferred This could have a been a much tighter and reasoned book but it isn't Not recommended Not surprisingly this is a very academic reading While the introduction claims that the book is also targeted at an interesting audience I somehow feel that most people would be bored by it rather uickly But if you are somehow involved in research the book is very interesting indeed Based largely on interviews with different IRB members it sheds light on the conflicts of Regulators IRBs Researchers
- 432 pages
- The Ethics Police?
- Robert Klitzman
- 04 April 2014 Robert Klitzman