Tituba, Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish Indians and Puritan Fantasies (The American Social Experience Series)

Tituba, Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish Indians and Puritan Fantasies (The American Social Experience Series)❰Reading❯ ➿ Tituba, Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish Indians and Puritan Fantasies (The American Social Experience Series) Author Elaine G. Breslaw – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk In this important book Elaine Breslaw claims to have rediscovered Tituba the elusive mysterious and often mythologized Indian woman accused of witchcraft in Salem in 1692 and immortalized in Arthur Mi In this Witch of PDF/EPUB Â important book Elaine Breslaw claims to have rediscovered Tituba the elusive mysterious and often mythologized Indian woman accused of witchcraft in Salem in and immortalized in Arthur Miller's The Crucible Reconstructing the life of the slave woman at the center of the notorious Salem witch trials the book follows Tituba from her likely origins in South America to Barbados forcefully dispelling the commonly held belief that Tituba was African Tituba, Reluctant Epub / The uniuely multicultural nature of life on a seventeenth century Barbadan sugar plantation defined by a mixture of English American Indian and African ways and folklore indelibly shaped the young Tituba's world and the mental images she brought Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish PDF/EPUB or with her to MassachusettsBreslaw divides Tituba's story into two parts The first focuses on Tituba's roots in Barbados the second on her life in the New World The author emphasizes the inextricably linked worlds of Reluctant Witch of MOBI ☆ the Caribbean and the North American colonies illustrating how the Puritan worldview was influenced by its perception of possessed Indians Breslaw argues that Tituba's confession to practicing witchcraft clearly reveals her savvy and determined efforts to protect herself by actively manipulating Puritan fears This confession perceived as evidence of a diabolical conspiracy was the central agent in the cataclysmic series of events that saw people executed and over imprisoned including a Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish PDF/EPUB or young girl of A landmark contribution to women's history and early American history Tituba Reluctant Witch of Salem sheds new light on one of the most painful episodes in American history through the eyes of its most crucial participant. The first half of this book in which Breslaw traces Tituba's probable early life is uite good She explains very clearly the speculative leap she's making in assuming that the slave Tattuba listed in the inventory of a Barbados plantation is the same as the slave Tituba Samuel Parris brought to Salem Village and she not only convinced me that the leap was justified she demonstrated that even if Tituba and Tattuba were not the same person the reconstruction Breslaw managed of Tattuba's life was still worthwhile in that it illuminated a great deal about what Tituba's experiences would have been likeThen we hit 1692 and the thing just fell apart Breslaw has the Salem historian's disease in which the one cause on which the historian has focused is proclaimed to be the ONLY cause In Breslaw's case she asserts that the reason the Salem witchcraft crisis exploded in the way it did mushrooming to nineteen executions and well over one hundred arrests the only important reason is Tituba's testimony Even without the other problems which I'll get to in a moment I would disagree with this thesis; I think the crucial moment is when the adult authority figures asked the afflicted girls who had bewitched them and accepted their answers as unuestionable truth I also think that moment has a tremendously complicated genesis of its own as well as very complicated conseuences And I would certainly agree that Tituba's testimony encouraged the spread of suspicion But she didn't cause it and she certainly didn't create the ground breaking paradigm of social upheaval that Breslaw claimsSo I disagree with the argument But I also find that the argument is very shoddily put together She talks a great deal about the impact of the story Tituba told the importance of the words she used and the ways in which her testimony was repeated embroidered and modified by the afflicted girls and the confessing witches but she uses almost no direct uotes It's all described in indirect discourse The generalizations are breathtaking in their sweep particularly in discussing the culture of American Indians She makes no effort to distinguish between the Arawak Indians of South America Tituba's probable tribe whose folklore and beliefs she claims influenced Tituba's testimony and the Indians of north eastern North America unlike with the Arawak she never specifies which tribes are under discussion whom the European settlers were intermittently at war with throughout the second half of the seventeenth century whose folklore and beliefs she claims influenced the magistrates' reception of Tituba's testimony; I find it hard to believe that American Indians in her argument are anything than a locum tenens for well for something that Breslaw hasn't done enough work onAnd Breslaw is particularly inconsistent on the historians' bugbear which I blogged about the nature of the participants' belief in witchcraft She assumes that the nightmares Tituba describes in her testimony are real and that she made the witchcake in a sincere effort to help Betty Parris But she also assumes that Tituba deliberately and consciously tailored her testimony to give the magistrates what they wanted to hear and that she eually deliberately constructed it as a subversive and subtle attack on her master Samuel Parris She also insists on describing it is a model for resistance 180 And when she talks about the confessing witches using Tituba's testimony it is always as if they were in conscious control of a sophisticated strategy of resistance I will give one exampleTituba's unidentified evil presence the imputations of elite responsibility a witches' meeting and assorted strange creatures provided a forum for the exposure of discontent with Puritan theology and ministerial intellectual demands; with the social class system and degradation of servants; and above all with the traditions of the late medieval world that valued communal goals above individual efforts Tituba may have omitted sexual references because Indian cultures never made the erotic side of human behavior a factor in witchcraft prceedings Others followed her lead for different reasons sexual exploits might have negated their intent to parody Puritan values by conflating the godly and demonic realms In this techniue as in others Tituba again had supplied the outlines of a method that could be embellished and reformulated to fit the mental baggage of other cultures Breslaw 155She assumes resistance to be behind all the confessions though oddly she doesn't spend much time applying the idea to the afflicted girls where I think it can be plausibly deployed although still with much caution than Breslaw shows without ever acknowledging that as a method of resistance confessing to witchcraft is a dismal failure and without doing any of the work necessary to show how her modern theoretical concept of resistance actually applies to the lives and words of her subjects And she consistently makes assertions about Tituba's motivations that she does not prove and couldn't prove if she tried Unlike with the identification of Tituba and Tattuba in the first half of the book these speculative assertions are not defensible either historiographically or rhetorically Like Srebnick The Mysterious Death of Mary Rogers Sex and Culture in Nineteenth Century New York Breslaw overstates the importance of her central figure and like Srebnick rather than supporting her grandiose argument with evidence and careful reasoning she supports it with buzzwords and academic obfuscationWhat really irks me about this book is that it could have been so much better Not just in the general sense in which a poorly written book can always be a better book but uite specifically Mary Beth Norton's In the Devil's Snare The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692 has some excellent and provocative work on a subject one could encapsulate by Breslaw's subtitle Devilish Indians and Puritan Fantasies; Norton's work makes clear that the Puritan construction of Indians particularly in relation to the Devil probably did have a profound influence on the Salem crisis and that is a topic that I think could and should be written about and should include Tituba But Breslaw while she mentions various facets of Puritan beliefs about Indians doesn't examine them carefully or make any sustained or persuasive effort to show at the nuts and bolts level how those beliefs influenced what happened at SalemSo half of this is a good book and half of it is a mess Unfortunately the good half while good isn't great and the mess is really kind of awful Unless you're a Salem completist like me I can't recommend this one First time I've read this theory Tituba named others purposefully as an act of resistance against The ManUsually it's she did it in self defense or she didn't know what she was doing This portrays it in the vein of a captured Allied pilot giving disinformation to the Nazis in order to bring them downThe author does a marvelous job uncovering Tituba's PRE Salem history If you didn't already know that Tituba was an INDIAN slave not African you must read this book And if you're at all interested in the Salem witch trials this book adds a layer of knowledge which will make your research even deliciousHmmm Never write book reviews before lunch Elaine Breslaw is soliciting a confession from Tituba and the archives the same way the trials did A really uniue account of a woman confined by enslavement and the accusation of witchcraft Breslaw's concentration on resistance and how Tituba uses it in her elaborate confession to attack the elites who have enslaved her is truly important The first half of the book provides background and the second half uses that background to explain the significance of Tituba's role in the Salem witch trials If you're interested in learning about historical origins witchcraft and the role race plays in religious beliefs and community relations I would definitely recommend this book Breslaw offers an unusual perspective on the hysteria of the witch trials in Salem Often portrayed as a black slave in late 19th and early 20th century literature Tituba's Indian descent lends an interesting perspective of a typical misrepresented individual and how her cultural influences impact the narrative of her testimony The author draws a new conclusion to the Salem witch trials that is interesting The repetition and “on the other hand” method of filtering through the lack of facts is like watching Vizzini trying to decide which cup to drink from that lasts for hours Just decide which path you would like to go down and go Tituba is a slave known for being at the center of the Salem witch trials What this book does is trace Tituba's pre Salem life from her likely origins in South America to her time in Barbados and also shows what impact her confession had on Salem and Puritans as a wholeThis book also dispels that Tituba was African She was clearly identified as Indian in documents during court and beforeAlthough the book isn't extremely long it is a lot of information to take in I also felt that it was very well researched I have read a lot about the Salem witch trials Tituba and her involvement is always mentioned But this book really goes in depth and I really like the author wrote this book about Tituba I have always wanted to know about her but there is only so much books on Salem tell you If you wish to know about Tituba I definitely recommend this book I read this in a class on witchcraft taught by the Author The Salem witch trials political motivatations gave me a greater appreciation for the Miller play and its subtle? portrayal of McCarthism as well as a clue in on a very interesting peice of American history Very well researched history of Tituba the INDIAN slave not African as many falsely assume who was at the center of the Salem Witch hysteria of February 1692 thru May 1693 in colonial Massachusetts read this for a college course

Tituba, Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish Indians and
  • Paperback
  • 270 pages
  • Tituba, Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish Indians and Puritan Fantasies (The American Social Experience Series)
  • Elaine G. Breslaw
  • English
  • 23 May 2015
  • 9780814713075