Last War of the World-Island

Last War of the World-Island Alexander Dugin Traces The Geopolitical Development Of Russia From Its Origins In Kievan Rus And The Russian Empire, Through The Peak Of Its Global Influence During The Soviet Era, And Finally To The Current Presidency Of Vladimir Putin Dugin Sees Russia As The Primary Geopolitical Pole Of The Land Based Civilizations Of The World, Forever Destined To Be In Conflict With The Sea Based Civilizations At One Time The Pole Of The Seafaring Civilizations Was The British Empire Today It Is Represented By The United States And Its NATO Allies Russia Can Only Fulfill Its Geopolitical Mission By Remaining In Opposition To The Sea Powers Today, According To Dugin, This Conflict Is Not Only Geopolitical In Scope, But Also Ideological Russia Is The Primary Representative And Defender Of Traditional Values And Idealism, Whereas The West Stands For The Values Of Liberalism And The Market Driven Society Whereas Russia Began To Lose Sight Of Its Mission During The 1990s And Threatened To Succumb To Domination By The Western Powers, Dugin Believes That Putin Has Begun To Correct Its Course And Return Russia To Her Proper Place But The Struggle Is Far From Over While Progress Has Been Made, Russia Remains Torn Between Its Traditional Nature And The Temptations Of Globalism And Westernization, And Its Enemies Undermine It At Every Turn Dugin Makes The Case That It Is Only By Remaining True To The Eurasian Path That Russia Can Survive And Flourish In Any Genuine Sense Otherwise It Will Be Reduced To A Servile And Secondary Place In The World, And The Forces Of Liberalism Will Dominate The World, Unopposed Alexander Dugin B 1962 Is One Of The Best Known Writers And Political Commentators In Post Soviet Russia, Having Been Active In Politics There Since The 1980s In Addition To The Many Books He Has Authored On Political, Philosophical, And Spiritual Topics, He Is The Leader Of The International Eurasia Movement, Which He Founded For Than A Decade, He Has Been An Advisor To Vladimir Putin And The Kremlin On Geopolitical Matters, And Was Head Of The Department Of Sociology At Moscow State University Arktos Has Also Published His Books, The Fourth Political Theory 2012 , Putin Vs Putin Vladimir Putin Viewed From The Right 2014 , And Eurasian Mission An Introduction To Neo Eurasianism 2014. Idiosyncratic study of the geopolitics of Russia, largely based off of Halford Mackinder s theory of the World Island.Chapter 1 explains Dugin s premise of Russia as a land based or telluric power, its inheritance from both Byzantine and Mongolian Empires, and postulates world history as a Manichean struggle between land powers and sea powers Proposes that Russia s geographic condition determined the structure of its society conservative, collectivist, traditionalist, ascetic, holistic What is holistic here, like holistic medicine Dugin doesn t say Chapter 2 focuses on the geopolitics of the Soviet Union, with the same struggle between land and sea powers supposedly carried out Except, of course, for the largest land war in world history, the German invasion of the Soviet Union Khrushchev somehow made the Soviet people weaker after Stalin, and the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations are conspiring to keep the sea powers strong and Russia weak The chapter ends with a condemnation of Gorbachev in the strongest and most tragic terms the dissolution of the Soviet Union was, to Dugin, a catastrophe comparable to the Time of Troubles or the Mongol invasion of the 13th century Chapter 3 takes a philosophical note, drawing from G K Chesterton, and comparing the Russian American dynamic to the Punic Wars, except that the mercantile Americans triumphed in the 1990s, and the downfall of the Spartan Russian civilization, culminating in the
In this work A Dugin advances and develops the typology of Eternal Rome vs Eternal Carthage land empires against sea, mercantile empires So his thesis Russia cannot be interpreted apart from the Russian land Dugin loc 128 From this he deduces a Geopolitical theorem the geopolitical system depends on the position of the observer and interpreter loc 147 All observers are already embedded in a context.Russian geopolitician geopolitics of the heartland Russia is going to be a civilization of Land Of course, this is the typology of Eternal Rome vs Eternal Carthage Atlantis This ties in with Dugin s thesis we are always already observers Russia, therefore, will observe itself from a certain perspective, a land based perspective.Dugin extends the analysis a step further Russia as Land Civilization means its gradual becoming in history will ultimately be on a planetary scale loc 188 It is a continental Rome Unfortunately, this means it will be drawn into conflict with Carthage Atlantis, Britain and America As
A very interesting insight into the ambiguity of contemporary Russian geopolitics 1991 2012 and its history from the perspective of Mackinder and Spykman s theories regarding land and sea power. Russia s ambition to rule all Asia and Europe is the theme of this book. This is an interesting if somewhat self serving view of Carl Schmitt s Nomos from the telluric land perspective Dugin describes how through about a millennium of history Russia has gone through multiple upheavals that have changed its physical geography as well as its conception of itself He sees Russia now imperiled by the Atlanticists Western Powers, and in as precarious position as Mother Russia ever was.It is ironic with all of the paranoiac fear mongering about Russia intervening in America that Dugin perceives the U.S and our leadership at least pre Trump as doing everything in our power to subvert the natural law of the Heartland as he calls Russia which he views as having the right to subsume everything in its orbit for its own good and the good of humanity Russia, like any other country, has a right to self defense, but if when other countries want to break away, it has less in Dugin s mind to do with a desire for, say, Cossack autonomy, than with a conspiracy emanating from Washington, D.C.More disturbing is Dugin s desire for a Eurasian movement similar to the Eurozone, an alignment that would do even to trample on particularist cultures than p
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