Utopia

Utopia[Ebook] ➧ Utopia By Thomas More – Jobs-in-kingston.co.uk First published in Latin in , Utopia was the work of Sir Thomas More , the brilliant humanist, scholar, and churchman executed by Henry VIII for his refusal to accept the king as the supreme head of First published in Latin in , Utopia was the work of Sir Thomas More , the brilliant humanist, scholar, and churchman executed by Henry VIII for his refusal to accept the king as the supreme head of the Church of England In this work, which gave its name to the whole genre of books and movements hypothesizing an ideal society, More envisioned a patriarchal island kingdom that practiced religious tolerance, in which everybody worked, no one has than his fellows, all goods were community owned, and violence, bloodshed, and vice nonexistent Based to some extent on the writings of Plato and other earlier authors, Utopia nevertheless contained much that was original with MoreIn the nearlyyears since the book s publication, there have been many attempts at establishing Utopias both in theory and in practice All of them, however, seem to embody ideas already present in More s classic treatise optimistic faith in human nature, emphasis on the environment and proper education, nostalgia for a lost innocence, and other positive elementsIn this new, inexpensive edition, readers can study for themselves the essentials of More s Utopian vision and how, although the ideal society he envisioned is still unrealized, at least some of his proposals have come to pass in today s world. As the centuries roll by,andbooks are written about Utopian societies that should be established on Earth, but the few actually tried fail Sir Thomas or Saint Thomas More, depending on your affiliation, Utopia , greatly influenced by Plato s The Republic is a satire about tumultuous English politics published in 1516 Raphael Hythloday a Portuguese traveler when Portugal ruled the seas with a very unlikely name for a native of that country He recites the story of his life, ha As the centuries roll by,andbooks are written about Utopian societies that should be established on Earth, but the few actually tried fail Sir Thomas or Saint Thomas More, depending on your affiliation, Utopia , greatly influenced by Plato s The Republic is a satire about tumultuous English politics published in 1516 Raphael Hythloday a Portuguese traveler when Portugal ruled the seas with a very unlikely name for a native of that country He recites the story of his life, has visited many nations in the world but none which effected him so much like his five year stay on Utopia The interested listeners are Sir Thomas More and his friend Belgian Peter Giles, both historical figures, a strange tale unfolds, can the two others believe him The island republic of Utopia is apparently somewhere in the south Atlantic but never fully disclosed its exact location, where people work only six hours a day, choose their own leaders, despise gold and silver, wear the same type of clothes and no private property, however all their needs the state provides, maybe not living lavishly , yet comfortably, Raphael views all this in the capital, Aircastle Although they have slaves, mostly criminals and some soldiers captured in war, Utopians seldom fight for themselves hiring foreign mercenaries This was just another barbarous place until a man named Utopus, conquered it during ancient times, he ordered the digging of a large trench and turning a huge peninsula into an island, letting the sea through, which isolated Utopia from the chaos of the mainland Organizing an unique republic where everyone works, and education continues all their lives in neat, clean, small cities looking admittedly like all the rest on the isle, when the population grows to an unmanageable number, new colonies are formed in foreign territories Nonetheless a couple of days a month the inhabitants go to farms and help out, nobody is above getting their hands dirty Healthcare is free and old people are always provided for in this peaceful land of equalityif you are a citizen Thomas More knew his ideas were impractical but he wanted to give hope to the poor and oppressed , show the world a better way to live, the imbalance of society had to change or hunger, violence and war would follow, 500 years later the planet has not progressed, the foul not gone away Regardless the future is very long and humans are an adaptable species Thomas More s life blah blah feudalism, in which virtually all power resided with enormous white ducks while the peasants had to wear roller skates even in bed The late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries blah blah Renaissance, a flowering of platform heel shoes and massive shagging blah blah Italy blah blah large glands. Aspects of this blah blah the ducks Blah blah discovery of smaller ducks, at first denied by Pope Barbary VII Vasco da Gama proved ducks were American not from Byzantium Thomas More s life blah blah feudalism, in which virtually all power resided with enormous white ducks while the peasants had to wear roller skates even in bed The late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries blah blah Renaissance, a flowering of platform heel shoes and massive shagging blah blah Italy blah blah large glands. Aspects of this blah blah the ducks Blah blah discovery of smaller ducks, at first denied by Pope Barbary VII Vasco da Gama proved ducks were American not from Byzantium.Humanists emphasized the dignity of all reasonably large men, their thought and writings and their halfway impressive private parts Blah blah Scots Porridge Oats blah blah Erasmus not a duck, Leonardo partly a duck, John Knox almost entirely duck They saw feudal society as irrational, consisting of small piles of nondescript rubbish, but adde parvum parvo magnus acervus erit add a little to a little and you get a great flooking heap Hovis, Second Dialogue Concerning the Scrofula With the Reformation, the face of Europe was warped by intense mascara and facial tattooing. England was no exception protestants continuously blah blah until it almost fell off Then the English King Eider VIII, blah blah Pope blah blah roll me over lay me down and do it again.More feathered in the right arm and lower back only wrote Utopia in 1516, just before the outbreak of the second game of Football Utopia, originally written in Latin and later translated into Latin, depicts what its narrator Sir Dakota Fanning claimed to be an ideal human society The book was a huge success, so at least the author s life became a whole lotideal, if you know what I mean. He was now able to afford to prove the famous old saying amare et sapere vix deo conceditur even the wise find shagging essentially ludicrous Horace, Third Dialogue Concerning the Proper Disposition of Horses ReviewFYI Read years ago, wrote review in college Thomas More was the first to coin the word utopia More was the son of a court judge, and a page to Archbishop Morton throughout his youth in London He was profoundly affected not only by these two great gentlemen, but also by the philosophy of humanism that was spread by Erasmus during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe As a result of More s fanatical advocacy of socialism and communism, he was tried, and laterReviewFYI Read years ago, wrote review in college Thomas More was the first to coin the word utopia More was the son of a court judge, and a page to Archbishop Morton throughout his youth in London He was profoundly affected not only by these two great gentlemen, but also by the philosophy of humanism that was spread by Erasmus during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe As a result of More s fanatical advocacy of socialism and communism, he was tried, and later executed on July 6th, 1535, at the age fifty seven Sir Thomas More is studied today as a leader of Renaissance literature in England because of his famous work Utopia, which was published in 1516 In his work, More creates an ideal society on an imaginary island in strange waters The word utopia is best translated from the Greek as a place that can never be because a utopia is a perfect society however, More was simply using this perfect society to satirize life in London during that time period He was not proposing a solution to England s ills Before Thomas More began writing his masterpiece, he was privileged to read several other works, which enabled him to write Utopia Plato s Republic, St Augustine s City of God, and the stories about Paradise and The Garden of Eden from the Book of Genesis profoundly influenced More He was also inspired by several Renaissance reports he received from the Portuguese owned New World All of these influences led More to confront all the serious evils of his day, religious, social, and political, but he considered philosophically their remedy, and that in a manner far in advance of the period at which he wrote Utopia has been interpreted to condone every kind of political theory directed to the transference of power and wealth to self styled reformers Warrington xii More wanted to reform the society that he lived in however, it was next to impossible to reform a society that had already been set in its ways According to Thomas I White, More s Utopia has been aptly described as a work that can be read in an evening but may take a lifetime to understand One reason for this is that the book is built on the intellectual equivalent of a geological fault The simple landscape suggested by Utopia s structure and conception belies subterranean forces that push and pull the book in different directions The resulting tensions may not lead to earthquakes, but they certainly erupt in dramatically different interpretations of More s little classic White 37 Thus, it is difficult to know what More s intentions were in writing Utopia Per Chad Walsh, noted critic and interpreter of utopian societies, a utopia is often an oblique satire on the writer s own society, though it need not be It can represent simply his attempt to conceive of a perfect society More offered Utopia as a guide to the improvement of an England that badly needed it He wished to show that poverty, crime, cruel punishments, and invidious distinctions between classes are not in the order of nature, but are man s doing, and that man could equally create a just and happy social order Walsh 26 He was offering one or two suggestions, but at the same time, he was also satirizing the foolish thoughts of some philosophers and politicians of the day Yet, critics to this day have continually debated whether More s Utopia was a satire on the way in which London society operated, or whether it was what he truly felt London society should try to mirror One can agree, despite whatever contradictions there are to those who claim More s Utopia was a satire, that England definitely needed some guidance during this period It seems that More s Utopia was read as a solution, though it was only meant to be a satire that had some valuable ideas While an ideal society seems to be the best solution to England s problems, one cannot help but ponder why men would dream utopian dreams Man is an animal with an imagination he can conceive of things that do not yet exist, and may never exist Man has the curious and awesome ability to transcend himself and nature There is also the theory that man once lived in a utopia, but does no longer, and that he is always trying to return The name of this first utopia was Eden Walsh 29 It does not seem that whether or not man already lived in a utopia, or is simply wishing to live in one now, is the central thesis of More s satire The important questions still remain How is Utopia a satire on English society Is More merely showing men what he believes is the best way to rid London of its problems Richard Marius has the answer More could not have created an ideal society with so many flaws that affronted liberal imagination More had truly intended to cast Utopia as a dystopia, not a good place but a bad place, one where rule of reason had obliterated the gentler human virtues Marius 11 Although there were several seemingly perfect solutions throughout the contents of Utopia, it was not a ten step program for London society during the sixteenth century Utopia is viewed as a prototype of the obverse genre, the dystopia The paradigm More created simply lent itself ideally to satire, because the distance between his imaginary society and the society in which he lived enabled him to contrast the two Fox 12 It is not a blueprint but a touchstone against which we try various ideas about both our times and the books to see what then comes of it all Marius 12 More s work was indeed a satire on the many men who continually dreamed of living in a utopian society He saw where English society was in comparison to where other countries and civilizations were, and knew that he had to create a society that would give its people ideas, but not build the specifics of the said society for them Therefore, Utopia was merely a suggestion of ideas one or two, not as an entirety that could be conceived as helpful, tolerable and ideal In fact, More s own society was rigidly hierarchical and highly regulated, so Utopia may not have seemed as restrictive to him as it does to us Thus, it is easy to understand why a writer would want to satirize a bad commonwealth Logan 8 In satirizing this commonwealth, More was simply presenting a society that was so perfect that it could not truly exist however, people enjoy reading about ideal utopias because it gives them some kind of hope for the future It shows the best society not as a normative or prescriptive model but as actually achieved, as already in existence Utopia is a description of the best or, in anti utopia, the worst society not as an abstract ideal, and not simply as a satirical foil to the existing society in full operation in which we are invited vicariously to participate Kumar 25 More published Utopia for the purpose of showing the things that occasion mischief in commonwealths having the English Constitution in view The island of Utopia is, in fact, England More designed it to show how England would look, and what shape her relations with abroad would assume, if she were communistically organized Kautsky 14 By participating in this communistic utopia, More is able to present a few suggestions, as well as ridiculous meant to be taken as jocular, and nothing else ideas, all the while discussing his semi radical viewpoints on three major issues The three specific aspects of utopian life that Sir Thomas More attacked in this satire were communism socialism, religion and marriage family More s own socialistic outlook on society dates back to when he was arrested and executed for his beliefs Richard Marius tells readers I believe that the answer to the questions in More s own mind about socialism was not that we should create a communist society But he does believe that part of the response that More intended was to make us at least ask the questions, for to question society is to see it, and we must see it before we can do anything to reform it Marius 5 Since their leader Utopus basically imposed communism upon the Utopians, one can assume that More was studying the idea that a communistic society is indeed the solution for London society He was not suggesting this, but merely saying that the equality offered amongst a socialistic society would provide stability More does include a section on how the Utopians change their houses every decade so that no one person gets accustomed to a higher standard than another however, the houses are exactly identical according to the section on The Geography of Utopia Marius later notes that The communism of the utopia deserves another word to this generation that has seen this once mighty ideology crumble to dust in most places where it once seemed imperial, irresistible and eternal I ve also noted that the Utopians acted on the premise that to eliminate poverty, the entire economic and social order had to be radically rebuilt from the ground up That was precisely the view of Karl Marx, but More and Marx came to radically different conclusions about what the social order would be if it were rebuilt Marius 8 The idea of rebuilding the entire society from scratch comes along by way of Utopus, who senses that again, equality amongst the people can only be achieved when things are created from originality, not from existing lands Unless man rebuilds everything he owns, there can be no sense of justice Similar in the ideas of socialism and communism, man must work together to bring about the overwhelming outpouring of parity Thus, More is not suggesting that communism is the only way to go the be all, end all answer to the problems in London society he is satirizing the idea that everything has to be destroyed and rebuilt in order to gain fairness and equality London society was still heavily distinct amongst classes at the time Marius writes that to the middle class people like ourselves, our messy and fragmented society looks good in comparison to Utopia Here, More s Augustinian conception of sinful humankind becomes burdensome to the soul, for in the Utopian commonwealth, individualism and privacy are threats to the state I suspect that we see as clearly as anyone does in Utopia just why communism did not work The weight of human depravity was simply too much to be balanced by eliminating private property Marius 5 A communistic society that contains laws saying that private property is not allowed in society will never last long People have an inner need to own something, and More is pointing this out in Utopia he laughs at those who want to take everything away from the people of English society He basically tells the readers that if such a thing were to occur, they should beware of an outbreak of war He concludes by showing how much the Utopians are afraid of war Exactly They are so afraid of war that it is necessary to have such a militaristic society with communism at the helm in their society however, it would not work in London society According to Kenyon, More argues that men could attain salvation only if temptation were first to be removed Given this, it was evident to More that social institutions required radical emendation Consequently, in Utopia, More is to be discovered proposing a series of alternative arrangements such as communism which, he hoped, might remove the temptation of sinfulness presented by existing institutions such as private property Kenyon 54 More thought that some of the socialistic views would work in English society, but he knew that London was not ready for an overhaul He thus satirized what it would be like if England were communistic There would not be a single freedom such as private property Just as communism was a seriously discussed issue as one solution for a utopian society, so were the fundamental laws of religion More posits in Utopia a set of social institutions designed to reduce temptation, limit available choices, and channel the will in a requisite direction The question of whether by living under such constraining institutions individuals nevertheless exercise free will is not developed by More to the extent that it might be Kenyon 58 Thus free will , as in the free will to choose whatever religion you want to follow, is a prime target for satire in this work At the time when More lived, there were many ongoing debates over Puritanism, Catholicism, Protestantism, etc The discussion of religion presented in Utopia generates a problem not least because we are informed that although they do not subscribe to full fledged sixteenth century Catholicism, the Utopians follow a religion that in terms both of its doctrines and its externals maintains several important prescriptive recommendations relevant to the salvation of Christians Kenyon 97 In Utopia, all can practice a religion of any form that they wish They are required only to attend a church service, which operates in the same manner as a college campus mass does All of those that attend can take from the service what they wish to since there is no one supreme denomination in the city of Utopia After More s struggles with a corrupt church, no wonder he would satirize his experience with religion In all of these ways, More showed himself, and his Utopia, to be the product of a new age His Utopia has a rationalism and a realism that we associate typically with the classical revival of the Renaissance, and that are to be found equally in the architectural utopias of fifteenth and sixteenth century Italy Utopia is a fiction whereby the truth, as if smeared with honey, might a littlepleasantly slide into men s minds Kumar 21 More cast his utopian society as one in which life was perfect and ideal, thus it had to be considered satirical since there is no such thing as perfection By sugarcoating his views and ideas, he was able to create a utopian land that affected humankindthan he expected He could show mankind how foolish their thoughts were on trying to perfect and correct everything that was wrong with society A little error can sometimes keep thingsin balance If everything and everyone were perfect, what would man have to strive for More was simply presenting a satirical solution to society that he never meant to assume the role of the be all, end all problem solver The term utopia in the way we use it today, to refer to an ideal but unattainable state, comes from this book, which More wrote in 1516 The form is political critique disguised as fantasy disguised as travelogue More casts himself as the recorder of Raphael Hythloday s travels to the island of Utopia, where, despite their lack of Christianity, the people are closer to realizing the Christian ideal society through rational government than Europe ever was Today serious criticism doesn t have The term utopia in the way we use it today, to refer to an ideal but unattainable state, comes from this book, which More wrote in 1516 The form is political critique disguised as fantasy disguised as travelogue More casts himself as the recorder of Raphael Hythloday s travels to the island of Utopia, where, despite their lack of Christianity, the people are closer to realizing the Christian ideal society through rational government than Europe ever was Today serious criticism doesn t have to move under such elaborate cover, so our first impulse might be to read it like an escapist fantasy novel But the book is really a counterpoint to the autocratic statesmanship waning feudalism outlined in Machiavelli s The Prince written a few years earlier and the new economic relations of enclosure rising capitalism emerging in England at the time Think of it as a sequel to Plato s Republic and an inspiration for Swift s Gulliver s Travels More asks what if money and private property were abolished Almost 500 years later it remains an interesting question The book is also, though short, full of wit and imaginative scenarios On every page Interesting, mostly just because it s cool to see what people or at least Thomas More considered to be an ideal society back then Because really, it isn t There s a lot that I thought was really strange about Utopia Latin for no place , but here s what I remember most when parents are considering marrying their children off, they have the two teenagers stand naked in front of each other accompanied by dependable chaperones, of course so they can make sure neither of them has any weird Interesting, mostly just because it s cool to see what people or at least Thomas More considered to be an ideal society back then Because really, it isn t There s a lot that I thought was really strange about Utopia Latin for no place , but here s what I remember most when parents are considering marrying their children off, they have the two teenagers stand naked in front of each other accompanied by dependable chaperones, of course so they can make sure neither of them has any weird deformities or anything Logical on paper, I guess, but what I wondered was, what happens if the marriage negotiations fell through Did these two people occasionally run into each other at the market, make brief eye contact, and then quickly run away, pretending they didn t know what the other looked like naked I just think that would be all kinds of awkward Read for Early British Literature This book was published in 1516 and it s divided into two parts The first one made my eyes feel exhausted, so I can sum up all that just by saying that More found his friend Peter and this one introduced him to a fella named Raphael, a man who visited several countries to satisfy his desire to see the world He shared some opinions of the political scenario of his time a bit familiar whether you are talking about yesterday s kingdoms or today s democratic governments, some things never change This book was published in 1516 and it s divided into two parts The first one made my eyes feel exhausted, so I can sum up all that just by saying that More found his friend Peter and this one introduced him to a fella named Raphael, a man who visited several countries to satisfy his desire to see the world He shared some opinions of the political scenario of his time a bit familiar whether you are talking about yesterday s kingdoms or today s democratic governments, some things never change and talked about some general aspects of this awesome island called Utopia The other two guys couldn t believe that such a land could subsist, since it was a place where, for instance, private property didn t exist.A million words and a couple of eyelashes later, Raphael started to talk specifically about Utopiaall things relating to their soil, their rivers, their towns, their people, their manners, constitution, laws And here I stop Laws This society has few laws Why They very much condemn other nations whose laws, together with the commentaries on them, swell up to so many volumes for they think it an unreasonable thing to oblige men to obey a body of laws that are both of such a bulk and so dark as not to be read and understood by every one of the subjects.That last line seems to have been quite a source of ideas to the great Kafka And I agree laws should be simpler, everybody should be able to understand them and that bureaucracy that sucks life out of people should be eradicated, etc., etc And so did the Utopians few laws and, of course, no lawyers they consider them as a sort of people whose profession it is to disguise matters and to wrest the laws and therefore they think it is much better that every man should plead his own cause, and trust it to the judge By this means they both cut off many delays Ignore this paragraph I need to vent and I am going to hide it for your own good view spoiler Well, More, this is a bit irritating It s not my fault that we have a collapsed legal system, I m not the one who spends a month signing one freaking paper Fu % bastards that after two months they give you one lousy answer while the moron that also had to study tons of books for five fu % years and has to watch those laws being violated just like that has to answer to the client and try to explain why the freaking process is taking like five years of his her LIFE, DAMN IT hide spoiler Breathe.Excellent.Anyway, this is a book about an ideal land, a pagan place Saint Thomas perfect society was one that worshiped the sun or the moon or believed in a Supreme Being A society ruled by reason had to believe in something People who didn t believe in the afterlife, commonly known as atheists, were considered beasts because they rejected a state of rewards and punishments to the good and bad people after life on earth So, such a human being who is not afraid of anything but the laws islikely to break them to satisfy his appetites Not a warm and fuzzy land for the non believers.It has to be said, Utopians despised atheists and treated them like animals and forbade them ranks and honors and stuff, however, they did not punish them in order to avoid hypocrisy so that men are not tempted to lie or disguise their opinions Not that bad, huh As I said, this was a perfect place with no private property, with slavery adulterers, watch out , with few laws and where everyone was happy with no legal problems to solve yup, More, being a great lawyer himself, apparently wasn t a big fan of lawyers sly creature Suddenly, a disturbing image comes to mind Jokes aside, this is an interesting book to read with a lot of coffee in your system A man imagined what a perfect country should be like, and yes, it is not that perfect This book started a bit slow for me, but then it got better I would recommend this to people who enjoy history, otherwise you can drink all the coffee Colombia has to offer, but you still won t reach page 5.Dec 24, 13 Also on my blog Photo credit Gif from The Simpsons by Matt Groening via Giphy Published in 1516 and originally written in Latin, Utopia is a framed narrative depicting a life on a fictional island It is often described as sociological and political satire Utopia is one of those books that one reads for educational purposes I did find it enjoyable, but it is definitelyan educational read I mean I cannot say that Utopia is a particularly entertaining book to read It is interesting, but let s face it, not really a page turner this one, right Not surprisingly, I f Published in 1516 and originally written in Latin, Utopia is a framed narrative depicting a life on a fictional island It is often described as sociological and political satire Utopia is one of those books that one reads for educational purposes I did find it enjoyable, but it is definitelyan educational read I mean I cannot say that Utopia is a particularly entertaining book to read It is interesting, but let s face it, not really a page turner this one, right Not surprisingly, I found Utopia to be interesting primarily from a historical point of view In addition, I find the act of writing Utopian literature as something that is worth thinking about Questions that come to my mind Why do human being have this desire for creating Utopia Why have all our efforts to create it failed miserably So, yes it is definitely an interesting book, the kind that can make one think.It isplayful in tone that in might seem at first It might be boring to some, but if you re interested in literature, classics or this particular historical period, you might find it interesting I actually found Thomas More ideas to be somewhat revolutionary for his time and original Some of his thinking was unexpected and hence alluring Although, I must say that many of More s suggestions for improving society are unrealistic and well just plain silly All in all, I liked Utopia and I don t regret reading it In some ways I found it to be fascinating, but then again I was well still I m interested in how a mind of Renaissance or humanistic thinker worked, so if you re not you might not enjoy this as much On the other hand, If you re interested in Renaissance or Utopian literature, this could be a great educational read for you In my opinion, one of the best ways to get a real feel of a certain historical period, you should read as many literal works from that time, even if they re not great literature or super interesting To conclude, this is a great educational read Not a great work of classical literature, but a fascinating book nevertheless Not a book that I can recommend for enjoyment, masterful prose or good storytelling Rather I think the value in reading is to see the backwardness of a Utopia envisioned by Thomas More, an enlightened man for the times Of course it is easy to be judgmental about his writings when looking in the rearview mirror at a book nearly 500 years old.More, a high level adviser to King Henry VIII envisions an island nation, Utopia where they don t engage in wars and where there is a great deal of dis Not a book that I can recommend for enjoyment, masterful prose or good storytelling Rather I think the value in reading is to see the backwardness of a Utopia envisioned by Thomas More, an enlightened man for the times Of course it is easy to be judgmental about his writings when looking in the rearview mirror at a book nearly 500 years old.More, a high level adviser to King Henry VIII envisions an island nation, Utopia where they don t engage in wars and where there is a great deal of discussion on commerce, judges, absence of lawyers, the importance of slaves and how in tough cases a fair prince is the final arbiter Catholicism is the way forward Women have no rights And so on More s writing is unimaginative by modern standards, most middle schoolers today could come up with better utopias if given an assignment To be fair, More applied apragmatic lens to his Utopia But when compared with Shakespeare s writings that came out half a century later there isn t much imagination here.3 stars A quick read that has some genuine historical value and came from someone who is acknowledged as a supreme intellect for his time This is another book that I had to read because the title become a word in EnglishI liked the fact that Thomas More was looking for solutions solutions we are still looking for in this age of globalization when every country has their own utopian vision Perhaps that is the utopian paradox how can we all live in peace with differing definitions of utopianism Painful like pulling teethAn experience not to be repeated.

Utopia eBook ¿ Paperback
    Utopia eBook ¿ Paperback on the environment and proper education, nostalgia for a lost innocence, and other positive elementsIn this new, inexpensive edition, readers can study for themselves the essentials of More s Utopian vision and how, although the ideal society he envisioned is still unrealized, at least some of his proposals have come to pass in today s world. As the centuries roll by,andbooks are written about Utopian societies that should be established on Earth, but the few actually tried fail Sir Thomas or Saint Thomas More, depending on your affiliation, Utopia , greatly influenced by Plato s The Republic is a satire about tumultuous English politics published in 1516 Raphael Hythloday a Portuguese traveler when Portugal ruled the seas with a very unlikely name for a native of that country He recites the story of his life, ha As the centuries roll by,andbooks are written about Utopian societies that should be established on Earth, but the few actually tried fail Sir Thomas or Saint Thomas More, depending on your affiliation, Utopia , greatly influenced by Plato s The Republic is a satire about tumultuous English politics published in 1516 Raphael Hythloday a Portuguese traveler when Portugal ruled the seas with a very unlikely name for a native of that country He recites the story of his life, has visited many nations in the world but none which effected him so much like his five year stay on Utopia The interested listeners are Sir Thomas More and his friend Belgian Peter Giles, both historical figures, a strange tale unfolds, can the two others believe him The island republic of Utopia is apparently somewhere in the south Atlantic but never fully disclosed its exact location, where people work only six hours a day, choose their own leaders, despise gold and silver, wear the same type of clothes and no private property, however all their needs the state provides, maybe not living lavishly , yet comfortably, Raphael views all this in the capital, Aircastle Although they have slaves, mostly criminals and some soldiers captured in war, Utopians seldom fight for themselves hiring foreign mercenaries This was just another barbarous place until a man named Utopus, conquered it during ancient times, he ordered the digging of a large trench and turning a huge peninsula into an island, letting the sea through, which isolated Utopia from the chaos of the mainland Organizing an unique republic where everyone works, and education continues all their lives in neat, clean, small cities looking admittedly like all the rest on the isle, when the population grows to an unmanageable number, new colonies are formed in foreign territories Nonetheless a couple of days a month the inhabitants go to farms and help out, nobody is above getting their hands dirty Healthcare is free and old people are always provided for in this peaceful land of equalityif you are a citizen Thomas More knew his ideas were impractical but he wanted to give hope to the poor and oppressed , show the world a better way to live, the imbalance of society had to change or hunger, violence and war would follow, 500 years later the planet has not progressed, the foul not gone away Regardless the future is very long and humans are an adaptable species Thomas More s life blah blah feudalism, in which virtually all power resided with enormous white ducks while the peasants had to wear roller skates even in bed The late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries blah blah Renaissance, a flowering of platform heel shoes and massive shagging blah blah Italy blah blah large glands. Aspects of this blah blah the ducks Blah blah discovery of smaller ducks, at first denied by Pope Barbary VII Vasco da Gama proved ducks were American not from Byzantium Thomas More s life blah blah feudalism, in which virtually all power resided with enormous white ducks while the peasants had to wear roller skates even in bed The late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries blah blah Renaissance, a flowering of platform heel shoes and massive shagging blah blah Italy blah blah large glands. Aspects of this blah blah the ducks Blah blah discovery of smaller ducks, at first denied by Pope Barbary VII Vasco da Gama proved ducks were American not from Byzantium.Humanists emphasized the dignity of all reasonably large men, their thought and writings and their halfway impressive private parts Blah blah Scots Porridge Oats blah blah Erasmus not a duck, Leonardo partly a duck, John Knox almost entirely duck They saw feudal society as irrational, consisting of small piles of nondescript rubbish, but adde parvum parvo magnus acervus erit add a little to a little and you get a great flooking heap Hovis, Second Dialogue Concerning the Scrofula With the Reformation, the face of Europe was warped by intense mascara and facial tattooing. England was no exception protestants continuously blah blah until it almost fell off Then the English King Eider VIII, blah blah Pope blah blah roll me over lay me down and do it again.More feathered in the right arm and lower back only wrote Utopia in 1516, just before the outbreak of the second game of Football Utopia, originally written in Latin and later translated into Latin, depicts what its narrator Sir Dakota Fanning claimed to be an ideal human society The book was a huge success, so at least the author s life became a whole lotideal, if you know what I mean. He was now able to afford to prove the famous old saying amare et sapere vix deo conceditur even the wise find shagging essentially ludicrous Horace, Third Dialogue Concerning the Proper Disposition of Horses ReviewFYI Read years ago, wrote review in college Thomas More was the first to coin the word utopia More was the son of a court judge, and a page to Archbishop Morton throughout his youth in London He was profoundly affected not only by these two great gentlemen, but also by the philosophy of humanism that was spread by Erasmus during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe As a result of More s fanatical advocacy of socialism and communism, he was tried, and laterReviewFYI Read years ago, wrote review in college Thomas More was the first to coin the word utopia More was the son of a court judge, and a page to Archbishop Morton throughout his youth in London He was profoundly affected not only by these two great gentlemen, but also by the philosophy of humanism that was spread by Erasmus during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe As a result of More s fanatical advocacy of socialism and communism, he was tried, and later executed on July 6th, 1535, at the age fifty seven Sir Thomas More is studied today as a leader of Renaissance literature in England because of his famous work Utopia, which was published in 1516 In his work, More creates an ideal society on an imaginary island in strange waters The word utopia is best translated from the Greek as a place that can never be because a utopia is a perfect society however, More was simply using this perfect society to satirize life in London during that time period He was not proposing a solution to England s ills Before Thomas More began writing his masterpiece, he was privileged to read several other works, which enabled him to write Utopia Plato s Republic, St Augustine s City of God, and the stories about Paradise and The Garden of Eden from the Book of Genesis profoundly influenced More He was also inspired by several Renaissance reports he received from the Portuguese owned New World All of these influences led More to confront all the serious evils of his day, religious, social, and political, but he considered philosophically their remedy, and that in a manner far in advance of the period at which he wrote Utopia has been interpreted to condone every kind of political theory directed to the transference of power and wealth to self styled reformers Warrington xii More wanted to reform the society that he lived in however, it was next to impossible to reform a society that had already been set in its ways According to Thomas I White, More s Utopia has been aptly described as a work that can be read in an evening but may take a lifetime to understand One reason for this is that the book is built on the intellectual equivalent of a geological fault The simple landscape suggested by Utopia s structure and conception belies subterranean forces that push and pull the book in different directions The resulting tensions may not lead to earthquakes, but they certainly erupt in dramatically different interpretations of More s little classic White 37 Thus, it is difficult to know what More s intentions were in writing Utopia Per Chad Walsh, noted critic and interpreter of utopian societies, a utopia is often an oblique satire on the writer s own society, though it need not be It can represent simply his attempt to conceive of a perfect society More offered Utopia as a guide to the improvement of an England that badly needed it He wished to show that poverty, crime, cruel punishments, and invidious distinctions between classes are not in the order of nature, but are man s doing, and that man could equally create a just and happy social order Walsh 26 He was offering one or two suggestions, but at the same time, he was also satirizing the foolish thoughts of some philosophers and politicians of the day Yet, critics to this day have continually debated whether More s Utopia was a satire on the way in which London society operated, or whether it was what he truly felt London society should try to mirror One can agree, despite whatever contradictions there are to those who claim More s Utopia was a satire, that England definitely needed some guidance during this period It seems that More s Utopia was read as a solution, though it was only meant to be a satire that had some valuable ideas While an ideal society seems to be the best solution to England s problems, one cannot help but ponder why men would dream utopian dreams Man is an animal with an imagination he can conceive of things that do not yet exist, and may never exist Man has the curious and awesome ability to transcend himself and nature There is also the theory that man once lived in a utopia, but does no longer, and that he is always trying to return The name of this first utopia was Eden Walsh 29 It does not seem that whether or not man already lived in a utopia, or is simply wishing to live in one now, is the central thesis of More s satire The important questions still remain How is Utopia a satire on English society Is More merely showing men what he believes is the best way to rid London of its problems Richard Marius has the answer More could not have created an ideal society with so many flaws that affronted liberal imagination More had truly intended to cast Utopia as a dystopia, not a good place but a bad place, one where rule of reason had obliterated the gentler human virtues Marius 11 Although there were several seemingly perfect solutions throughout the contents of Utopia, it was not a ten step program for London society during the sixteenth century Utopia is viewed as a prototype of the obverse genre, the dystopia The paradigm More created simply lent itself ideally to satire, because the distance between his imaginary society and the society in which he lived enabled him to contrast the two Fox 12 It is not a blueprint but a touchstone against which we try various ideas about both our times and the books to see what then comes of it all Marius 12 More s work was indeed a satire on the many men who continually dreamed of living in a utopian society He saw where English society was in comparison to where other countries and civilizations were, and knew that he had to create a society that would give its people ideas, but not build the specifics of the said society for them Therefore, Utopia was merely a suggestion of ideas one or two, not as an entirety that could be conceived as helpful, tolerable and ideal In fact, More s own society was rigidly hierarchical and highly regulated, so Utopia may not have seemed as restrictive to him as it does to us Thus, it is easy to understand why a writer would want to satirize a bad commonwealth Logan 8 In satirizing this commonwealth, More was simply presenting a society that was so perfect that it could not truly exist however, people enjoy reading about ideal utopias because it gives them some kind of hope for the future It shows the best society not as a normative or prescriptive model but as actually achieved, as already in existence Utopia is a description of the best or, in anti utopia, the worst society not as an abstract ideal, and not simply as a satirical foil to the existing society in full operation in which we are invited vicariously to participate Kumar 25 More published Utopia for the purpose of showing the things that occasion mischief in commonwealths having the English Constitution in view The island of Utopia is, in fact, England More designed it to show how England would look, and what shape her relations with abroad would assume, if she were communistically organized Kautsky 14 By participating in this communistic utopia, More is able to present a few suggestions, as well as ridiculous meant to be taken as jocular, and nothing else ideas, all the while discussing his semi radical viewpoints on three major issues The three specific aspects of utopian life that Sir Thomas More attacked in this satire were communism socialism, religion and marriage family More s own socialistic outlook on society dates back to when he was arrested and executed for his beliefs Richard Marius tells readers I believe that the answer to the questions in More s own mind about socialism was not that we should create a communist society But he does believe that part of the response that More intended was to make us at least ask the questions, for to question society is to see it, and we must see it before we can do anything to reform it Marius 5 Since their leader Utopus basically imposed communism upon the Utopians, one can assume that More was studying the idea that a communistic society is indeed the solution for London society He was not suggesting this, but merely saying that the equality offered amongst a socialistic society would provide stability More does include a section on how the Utopians change their houses every decade so that no one person gets accustomed to a higher standard than another however, the houses are exactly identical according to the section on The Geography of Utopia Marius later notes that The communism of the utopia deserves another word to this generation that has seen this once mighty ideology crumble to dust in most places where it once seemed imperial, irresistible and eternal I ve also noted that the Utopians acted on the premise that to eliminate poverty, the entire economic and social order had to be radically rebuilt from the ground up That was precisely the view of Karl Marx, but More and Marx came to radically different conclusions about what the social order would be if it were rebuilt Marius 8 The idea of rebuilding the entire society from scratch comes along by way of Utopus, who senses that again, equality amongst the people can only be achieved when things are created from originality, not from existing lands Unless man rebuilds everything he owns, there can be no sense of justice Similar in the ideas of socialism and communism, man must work together to bring about the overwhelming outpouring of parity Thus, More is not suggesting that communism is the only way to go the be all, end all answer to the problems in London society he is satirizing the idea that everything has to be destroyed and rebuilt in order to gain fairness and equality London society was still heavily distinct amongst classes at the time Marius writes that to the middle class people like ourselves, our messy and fragmented society looks good in comparison to Utopia Here, More s Augustinian conception of sinful humankind becomes burdensome to the soul, for in the Utopian commonwealth, individualism and privacy are threats to the state I suspect that we see as clearly as anyone does in Utopia just why communism did not work The weight of human depravity was simply too much to be balanced by eliminating private property Marius 5 A communistic society that contains laws saying that private property is not allowed in society will never last long People have an inner need to own something, and More is pointing this out in Utopia he laughs at those who want to take everything away from the people of English society He basically tells the readers that if such a thing were to occur, they should beware of an outbreak of war He concludes by showing how much the Utopians are afraid of war Exactly They are so afraid of war that it is necessary to have such a militaristic society with communism at the helm in their society however, it would not work in London society According to Kenyon, More argues that men could attain salvation only if temptation were first to be removed Given this, it was evident to More that social institutions required radical emendation Consequently, in Utopia, More is to be discovered proposing a series of alternative arrangements such as communism which, he hoped, might remove the temptation of sinfulness presented by existing institutions such as private property Kenyon 54 More thought that some of the socialistic views would work in English society, but he knew that London was not ready for an overhaul He thus satirized what it would be like if England were communistic There would not be a single freedom such as private property Just as communism was a seriously discussed issue as one solution for a utopian society, so were the fundamental laws of religion More posits in Utopia a set of social institutions designed to reduce temptation, limit available choices, and channel the will in a requisite direction The question of whether by living under such constraining institutions individuals nevertheless exercise free will is not developed by More to the extent that it might be Kenyon 58 Thus free will , as in the free will to choose whatever religion you want to follow, is a prime target for satire in this work At the time when More lived, there were many ongoing debates over Puritanism, Catholicism, Protestantism, etc The discussion of religion presented in Utopia generates a problem not least because we are informed that although they do not subscribe to full fledged sixteenth century Catholicism, the Utopians follow a religion that in terms both of its doctrines and its externals maintains several important prescriptive recommendations relevant to the salvation of Christians Kenyon 97 In Utopia, all can practice a religion of any form that they wish They are required only to attend a church service, which operates in the same manner as a college campus mass does All of those that attend can take from the service what they wish to since there is no one supreme denomination in the city of Utopia After More s struggles with a corrupt church, no wonder he would satirize his experience with religion In all of these ways, More showed himself, and his Utopia, to be the product of a new age His Utopia has a rationalism and a realism that we associate typically with the classical revival of the Renaissance, and that are to be found equally in the architectural utopias of fifteenth and sixteenth century Italy Utopia is a fiction whereby the truth, as if smeared with honey, might a littlepleasantly slide into men s minds Kumar 21 More cast his utopian society as one in which life was perfect and ideal, thus it had to be considered satirical since there is no such thing as perfection By sugarcoating his views and ideas, he was able to create a utopian land that affected humankindthan he expected He could show mankind how foolish their thoughts were on trying to perfect and correct everything that was wrong with society A little error can sometimes keep thingsin balance If everything and everyone were perfect, what would man have to strive for More was simply presenting a satirical solution to society that he never meant to assume the role of the be all, end all problem solver The term utopia in the way we use it today, to refer to an ideal but unattainable state, comes from this book, which More wrote in 1516 The form is political critique disguised as fantasy disguised as travelogue More casts himself as the recorder of Raphael Hythloday s travels to the island of Utopia, where, despite their lack of Christianity, the people are closer to realizing the Christian ideal society through rational government than Europe ever was Today serious criticism doesn t have The term utopia in the way we use it today, to refer to an ideal but unattainable state, comes from this book, which More wrote in 1516 The form is political critique disguised as fantasy disguised as travelogue More casts himself as the recorder of Raphael Hythloday s travels to the island of Utopia, where, despite their lack of Christianity, the people are closer to realizing the Christian ideal society through rational government than Europe ever was Today serious criticism doesn t have to move under such elaborate cover, so our first impulse might be to read it like an escapist fantasy novel But the book is really a counterpoint to the autocratic statesmanship waning feudalism outlined in Machiavelli s The Prince written a few years earlier and the new economic relations of enclosure rising capitalism emerging in England at the time Think of it as a sequel to Plato s Republic and an inspiration for Swift s Gulliver s Travels More asks what if money and private property were abolished Almost 500 years later it remains an interesting question The book is also, though short, full of wit and imaginative scenarios On every page Interesting, mostly just because it s cool to see what people or at least Thomas More considered to be an ideal society back then Because really, it isn t There s a lot that I thought was really strange about Utopia Latin for no place , but here s what I remember most when parents are considering marrying their children off, they have the two teenagers stand naked in front of each other accompanied by dependable chaperones, of course so they can make sure neither of them has any weird Interesting, mostly just because it s cool to see what people or at least Thomas More considered to be an ideal society back then Because really, it isn t There s a lot that I thought was really strange about Utopia Latin for no place , but here s what I remember most when parents are considering marrying their children off, they have the two teenagers stand naked in front of each other accompanied by dependable chaperones, of course so they can make sure neither of them has any weird deformities or anything Logical on paper, I guess, but what I wondered was, what happens if the marriage negotiations fell through Did these two people occasionally run into each other at the market, make brief eye contact, and then quickly run away, pretending they didn t know what the other looked like naked I just think that would be all kinds of awkward Read for Early British Literature This book was published in 1516 and it s divided into two parts The first one made my eyes feel exhausted, so I can sum up all that just by saying that More found his friend Peter and this one introduced him to a fella named Raphael, a man who visited several countries to satisfy his desire to see the world He shared some opinions of the political scenario of his time a bit familiar whether you are talking about yesterday s kingdoms or today s democratic governments, some things never change This book was published in 1516 and it s divided into two parts The first one made my eyes feel exhausted, so I can sum up all that just by saying that More found his friend Peter and this one introduced him to a fella named Raphael, a man who visited several countries to satisfy his desire to see the world He shared some opinions of the political scenario of his time a bit familiar whether you are talking about yesterday s kingdoms or today s democratic governments, some things never change and talked about some general aspects of this awesome island called Utopia The other two guys couldn t believe that such a land could subsist, since it was a place where, for instance, private property didn t exist.A million words and a couple of eyelashes later, Raphael started to talk specifically about Utopiaall things relating to their soil, their rivers, their towns, their people, their manners, constitution, laws And here I stop Laws This society has few laws Why They very much condemn other nations whose laws, together with the commentaries on them, swell up to so many volumes for they think it an unreasonable thing to oblige men to obey a body of laws that are both of such a bulk and so dark as not to be read and understood by every one of the subjects.That last line seems to have been quite a source of ideas to the great Kafka And I agree laws should be simpler, everybody should be able to understand them and that bureaucracy that sucks life out of people should be eradicated, etc., etc And so did the Utopians few laws and, of course, no lawyers they consider them as a sort of people whose profession it is to disguise matters and to wrest the laws and therefore they think it is much better that every man should plead his own cause, and trust it to the judge By this means they both cut off many delays Ignore this paragraph I need to vent and I am going to hide it for your own good view spoiler Well, More, this is a bit irritating It s not my fault that we have a collapsed legal system, I m not the one who spends a month signing one freaking paper Fu % bastards that after two months they give you one lousy answer while the moron that also had to study tons of books for five fu % years and has to watch those laws being violated just like that has to answer to the client and try to explain why the freaking process is taking like five years of his her LIFE, DAMN IT hide spoiler Breathe.Excellent.Anyway, this is a book about an ideal land, a pagan place Saint Thomas perfect society was one that worshiped the sun or the moon or believed in a Supreme Being A society ruled by reason had to believe in something People who didn t believe in the afterlife, commonly known as atheists, were considered beasts because they rejected a state of rewards and punishments to the good and bad people after life on earth So, such a human being who is not afraid of anything but the laws islikely to break them to satisfy his appetites Not a warm and fuzzy land for the non believers.It has to be said, Utopians despised atheists and treated them like animals and forbade them ranks and honors and stuff, however, they did not punish them in order to avoid hypocrisy so that men are not tempted to lie or disguise their opinions Not that bad, huh As I said, this was a perfect place with no private property, with slavery adulterers, watch out , with few laws and where everyone was happy with no legal problems to solve yup, More, being a great lawyer himself, apparently wasn t a big fan of lawyers sly creature Suddenly, a disturbing image comes to mind Jokes aside, this is an interesting book to read with a lot of coffee in your system A man imagined what a perfect country should be like, and yes, it is not that perfect This book started a bit slow for me, but then it got better I would recommend this to people who enjoy history, otherwise you can drink all the coffee Colombia has to offer, but you still won t reach page 5.Dec 24, 13 Also on my blog Photo credit Gif from The Simpsons by Matt Groening via Giphy Published in 1516 and originally written in Latin, Utopia is a framed narrative depicting a life on a fictional island It is often described as sociological and political satire Utopia is one of those books that one reads for educational purposes I did find it enjoyable, but it is definitelyan educational read I mean I cannot say that Utopia is a particularly entertaining book to read It is interesting, but let s face it, not really a page turner this one, right Not surprisingly, I f Published in 1516 and originally written in Latin, Utopia is a framed narrative depicting a life on a fictional island It is often described as sociological and political satire Utopia is one of those books that one reads for educational purposes I did find it enjoyable, but it is definitelyan educational read I mean I cannot say that Utopia is a particularly entertaining book to read It is interesting, but let s face it, not really a page turner this one, right Not surprisingly, I found Utopia to be interesting primarily from a historical point of view In addition, I find the act of writing Utopian literature as something that is worth thinking about Questions that come to my mind Why do human being have this desire for creating Utopia Why have all our efforts to create it failed miserably So, yes it is definitely an interesting book, the kind that can make one think.It isplayful in tone that in might seem at first It might be boring to some, but if you re interested in literature, classics or this particular historical period, you might find it interesting I actually found Thomas More ideas to be somewhat revolutionary for his time and original Some of his thinking was unexpected and hence alluring Although, I must say that many of More s suggestions for improving society are unrealistic and well just plain silly All in all, I liked Utopia and I don t regret reading it In some ways I found it to be fascinating, but then again I was well still I m interested in how a mind of Renaissance or humanistic thinker worked, so if you re not you might not enjoy this as much On the other hand, If you re interested in Renaissance or Utopian literature, this could be a great educational read for you In my opinion, one of the best ways to get a real feel of a certain historical period, you should read as many literal works from that time, even if they re not great literature or super interesting To conclude, this is a great educational read Not a great work of classical literature, but a fascinating book nevertheless Not a book that I can recommend for enjoyment, masterful prose or good storytelling Rather I think the value in reading is to see the backwardness of a Utopia envisioned by Thomas More, an enlightened man for the times Of course it is easy to be judgmental about his writings when looking in the rearview mirror at a book nearly 500 years old.More, a high level adviser to King Henry VIII envisions an island nation, Utopia where they don t engage in wars and where there is a great deal of dis Not a book that I can recommend for enjoyment, masterful prose or good storytelling Rather I think the value in reading is to see the backwardness of a Utopia envisioned by Thomas More, an enlightened man for the times Of course it is easy to be judgmental about his writings when looking in the rearview mirror at a book nearly 500 years old.More, a high level adviser to King Henry VIII envisions an island nation, Utopia where they don t engage in wars and where there is a great deal of discussion on commerce, judges, absence of lawyers, the importance of slaves and how in tough cases a fair prince is the final arbiter Catholicism is the way forward Women have no rights And so on More s writing is unimaginative by modern standards, most middle schoolers today could come up with better utopias if given an assignment To be fair, More applied apragmatic lens to his Utopia But when compared with Shakespeare s writings that came out half a century later there isn t much imagination here.3 stars A quick read that has some genuine historical value and came from someone who is acknowledged as a supreme intellect for his time This is another book that I had to read because the title become a word in EnglishI liked the fact that Thomas More was looking for solutions solutions we are still looking for in this age of globalization when every country has their own utopian vision Perhaps that is the utopian paradox how can we all live in peace with differing definitions of utopianism Painful like pulling teethAn experience not to be repeated. 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  • Paperback
  • 96 pages
  • Utopia
  • Thomas More
  • English
  • 24 February 2017
  • 0486295834